Table 3

Demographic associations with PTSD for survivors—crude and adjusted ORs and 95% CI, logistic regression models

Crude ORsAdjusted ORs
Sex
 Male1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 Female0.94 (0.67 to 1.31)1.08 (0.65 to 1.80)
Age group
 <201.83 (0.87 to 3.87)1.23 (0.47 to 3.21)
 20–241 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 25–291.49 (0.80 to 2.78)1.77 (0.77 to 4.07)
 30–342.53** (1.38 to 4.65)1.83 (0.76 to 4.40)
 35–392.89** (1.51 to 5.53)3.31* (1.33 to 8.24)
 40–442.11* (1.08 to 4.12)2.99* (1.09 to 8.24)
 45+1.27 (0.63 to 2.55)1.85 (0.69 to 4.99)
Province
 Northern0.039*** (0.01 to 0.12)0.33 (0.06 to 1.66)
 Eastern0.24*** (0.14 to 0.41)0.37 (0.12 to 1.13)
 Southern0.55* (0.31 to 0.97)1.33 (0.41 to 4.35)
 Western1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 North West1.05 (0.52 to 2.10)14.2*** (3.58 to 56.46)
Change in residence
 No1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 Yes2.12*** (1.50 to 2.99)4.16*** (2.35 to 7.35)
Education
 No1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 Yes0.68* (0.48 to 0.97)0.84 (0.46 to 1.53)
Employment
 No1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 Yes0.61* (0.38 to 0.99)1.08 (0.41 to 2.80)
Religion
 Christian1.81*** (1.27 to 2.58)1.54 (0.92 to 2.57)
 Muslim1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
Employment since Ebola
 No1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 Yes0.32*** (0.18 to 0.57)0.17** (0.06 to 0.49)
Observations472
  • Exponentiated coefficients; 95% CI in brackets.

  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.

  • PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder.