Table 4

Clinical and mental health associations with PTSD for survivors—crude and adjusted ORs and 95% CI, logistic regression models

Crude ORsAdjusted ORs
Sex
 Male1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 Female0.94 (0.67 to 1.31)0.56* (0.32 to 0.98)
Age group
 <201.83 (0.87 to 3.87)1.53 (0.49 to 4.85)
 20–241 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 25–291.49 (0.80 to 2.78)0.55 (0.91 to 5.87)
 30–342.53** (1.38 to 4.65)2.31 (0.80 to 32.64)
 35–392.89** (1.51 to 5.53)1.74 (0.61 to 4.94)
 40–442.11* (1.08 to 4.12)0.57 (0.20 to 1.66)
 45+1.27 (0.63 to 2.55)0.69 (0.22 to 2.23)
Stigma
 No1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 Yes6.21*** (4.27 to 9.03)5.20*** (2.77 to 9.75)
Depression
 No depressive symptoms1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 Depressive symptoms2.64* (1.06 to 6.58)1.27 (0.36 to 4.48)
Headache
 No1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 Yes4.33*** (2.92 to 6.43)2.27** (1.22 to 4.22)
Memory loss
 No1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 Yes0.27* (0.09 to 0.81)0.41 (0.09 to 1.86)
Sleeping issues
 No1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 Yes47.3*** (28.04 to 79.76)43.3*** (23.63 to 79.23)
Fatigue
 No1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 Yes2.97*** (1.94 to 4.56)1.09 (0.53 to 2.23)
Night sweats
 No1 (1.00 to 1.00)1 (1.00 to 1.00)
 Yes1.80* (1.06 to 3.07)0.95 (0.42 to 2.15)
Observations551
  • Exponentiated coefficients; 95% CIs in brackets.

  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.

  • PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder.