Table 1

Characteristics of focus group participants

Study countriesRole of FGD participants in the communityGenderTotal
MaleFemale
BangladeshBuddhist monk, university student, headmaster, housewife, businessman/woman, healthcare worker, retired government officer, community healthcare providers, representative of community-based women activist group
Ethnic group: Marma
6612
CambodiaVillage chiefs, representative from community woman affair network, health centre staff, retired government staff, primary school committee member, staff from community forestry association, archbishop’s committee member
The majority were Khmers.
7512
Lao PDRFarmers, deputy village heads, livelihoods
The majority were Laos.
639
Thai-Myanmar borderFGD1: village track leaders, vendor, medical staff, village track administrative staff, midwife, social volunteer, community health worker, teacher, business woman, religious leader
Ethnic groups: S’gaw-Karen, Pwo-Karen, Burmans/Bamars
6814
FGD2: village committee member, teachers, village health workers, representative from women organisation and religious leaders
Ethnic group: S’gaw Karen
448
ThailandFGD1—farmer, deputy village head, vendor, police inspector, mayor’s secretary, gardener, agriculturists
Ethic groups: Tai Yai (Shan), Yunnan Chinese, Khmu, Hmong and Lao-Thai
448
FGD2—farmers, religious leader, village health volunteers
Ethnic groups: Lisu, Akha, Lahu
257
  • FGD, focus group discussion.