Table 4

Factors associated with reasons for stocking antimalarials

Financial
OR (95% CI)
Experience/reputation
OR (95% CI)
Professional recommendation
OR (95% CI)
Ecological zone
 Southern1.001.001.00
 Middle1.45 (0.82 to 2.58)0.60 (0.32 to 1.12)1.67 (0.88 to 3.18)
 Northern1.06 (0.57 to 1.96)0.55 (0.28 to 1.06)1.89 (0.97 to 3.68)
Location
 Urban1.001.001.00
 Rural1.39 (0.78 to 2.46)1.69 (0.9 to 3.2)1.38 (0.76 to 2.5)
Type of outlet
 Licensed pharmacy1.001.001.00
 Licensed OTC1.14 (0.67 to 1.94)1.19 (0.69 to 2.05)0.92 (0.52 to 1.6)
Price bracket
 Cheaper1.001.001.00
 Mid-range0.22 (0.11 to 0.42)**0.85 (0.44 to 1.64)0.84 (0.43 to 1.63)
 More expensive0.08 (0.04 to 0.15)**0.63 (0.33 to 1.17)1.72 (0.94 to 3.15)
Confounders
 Has qualified pharmacists
  Yes1.00
  No1.99 (1.02 to 3.87)*
  • *p<0.01, **p<0.05.

  • OTC, over the counter.