Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteria for primary reviewExclusion criteria for primary reviewAdditional inclusion/exclusion criteria for the current analysis on family members’ views on routine postnatal care
  • Studies including healthy women, who were considered to be healthy in the postnatal period, and who have had a healthy newborn as well as fathers, partners and other family members

  • Studies where at least some of the extractable data are women’s, and/or fathers/partners/and other family members own accounts of their views and experiences of the nature of, provision of, and/or seeking of postnatal care after birth, irrespective of parity, mode of birth or place of birth

  • Studies involving postnatal care experiences with or without interaction with the health system (home-based, community-based care, care by family members)

  • Studies from high, middle and low-income countries

  • Studies reporting on views/experiences of, or access to, maternity services generally with no specific data on postnatal care.

  • Women with known complications/health conditions (eg, depression), or after severe morbidity (eg, near-miss)

  • Services for specific conditions (eg, HIV), or high-risk populations (eg, multiples, preterm, low birth weight, malformations).

  • Specific interventions for a singular condition (eg, breastfeeding support, family planning, mental health) or postnatal education only (eg, parenting education)

  • Studies related to care of postnatal complications or intensive care for women or newborns

  • Mixed-methods studies reporting qualitative data without using a recognised qualitative approach to analysis

  • Case studies, conference abstracts and unpublished PhD or master’s theses

  • Systematic reviews (although reference lists were reviewed)

  • Studies including fathers/partners and other family members’ first-hand accounts (not reported through a third party)

  • Studies focused on fathers/partners and other family members’ views of postnatal care

  • Studies focused on populations other than fathers, partners and other family members (eg, non-family community members, providers and traditional birth attendants (TBA)

  • Studies reporting only on experiences of fatherhood rather than experiences of postnatal care