Table 4

Clinical assessors’ observation of critical intrapartum care indicators for women with complete data from labour to delivery by country

Care component observed in assessmentEMEN intervention facilitiesComparison facilities
BangladeshPre (153)Post (178)DifferencePre (164)Post (259)(±) Difference
Labour monitored on a partograph0 (0.0%)32 (33.7%)*+33.7%0 (0.0%)13 (9.4%)*+9.4%
Woman’s blood pressure measured51 (33.3%)169 (94.9%)+61.6%115 (70.1%)186 (71.8%)+1.7%
Urine tested2 (1.3%)2 (1.1%)−0.2%1 (0.6%)4 (1.5%)+0.9%
Abdominal examination done74 (48.4%)154 (86.5%)+38.1%80 (48.8%)154 (59.5%)+10.7%
Fetal heart rate auscultated14 (9.2%)140 (78.7%)+69.5%33 (20.1%)114 (44.0%)+23.9%
Active management of 3rd stage of labour99 (77.3%)†82 (77.4%)†+0.1%152 (89.9%)†101 (70.6%)†−19.3%
Newborn assessed to be assisted to breathe119 (97.5%)¥79 (73.1%)¥−22.4%140 (84.8%)¥122 (89.7%)¥+4.9%
GhanaPre (76)Post (154)Pre (58)Post (130)
Labour monitored on a partograph49 (64.5%)113 (75.3%)‡+10.8%43 (74.1%)87 (68.5%)‡−8.6%
Woman’s blood pressure measured72 (94.7%)135 (88.8%)§−5.9%52 (91.2%)¶116 (89.9%)**−1.3%
Urine tested13 (17.1%)89 (58.2%)+41.1%14 (24.6%)¶11 (8.5%)**−16.1%
Abdominal examination done74 (97.4%)154 (100%)+2.6%53 (93.0%)113 (86.9%)−6.1%
Fetal heart rate auscultated74 (97.4%)154 (100%)+2.6%54 (94.7%)123 (94.6%)−0.1%
Active management of 3rd stage of labour72 (96.0%)147 (96.7%)+0.7%52 (94.5%)121 (96.0%)∞8+1.5%
Newborn assessed to be assisted to breathe66 (88.0%)#148 (99.3%)#+11.3%52 (94.5%)#123 (95.3%)#+0.8%
TanzaniaPre (65)Post (68)Pre (55)Post (59)
Labour monitored on a partograph65 (100%)62 (91.2%)−8.8%55 (100%)46 (78.0%)−12.0%
Woman’s blood pressure measured49 (75.4%)56 (82.4%)+7.0%55 (100%)43 (72.9%)−27.1%
Urine tested3 (4.6%)22 (32.4%)+27.8%5 (9.1%)14 (23.7%)+14.6%
Abdominal examination done57 (87.7%)60 (88.2%)+0.5%45 (81.8%)46 (78.0%)−3.8%
Fetal heart rate auscultated64 (98.5%)57 (83.8%)−14.7%55 (100%)46 (78.0%)−12.0%
Active management of 3rd stage of labour56 (94.9%)††44 (100%)+5.1%51 (100%)††40 (100%)0%
Newborn assessed to be assisted to breathe57 (87.7%)47 (69.1%)−18.6%51 (92.7%)38 (64.4%)−28.3%
  • *Data for only 95 intervention and 138 comparison participants.

  • †Data missing for four participants.

  • ‡Data missing for 3 participants.

  • §Data for 152 participants.

  • ¶Data missing for one participant.

  • **Data missing for 1 participant.

  • ††Data for 51 intervention and 59 comparison participants at baseline.

  • ‡‡Data for 153 participants.