Table 2

Current burden results, 2019 (in 2019 USD), by country income group

Country income groupDirect medical costs (billions)Direct non-medical costs (billions)Total direct costs (billions)Absentee-ism costs (billions)Presentee-ism costs (billions)Premature mortality costs (billions)Total indirect costs (billions)Total costs (billions)Total costs per capitaTotal costs as per cent of GDPTotal costs (billions)*Total costs as per cent of GDP*
Lower middle9.
Upper middle76.730.5177.2426.6173.17289.07388.85466.09163.381.86%776.653.10
  • *with GDP multipliers.

  • GDP, gross domestic product.