Table 1

Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Zimbabwe 2007–2008 and 2018–2019 by district

District2007–2008*2018–2019†IRR (95% CI)
Unweighted live birthsUnweighted maternal deathsWeighted live birthsWeighted maternal deathsMMR (95% CI)Unweighted live birthsUnweighted maternal deaths‡Weighted live birthsWeighted maternal deathsMMR (95% CI)
Nkulumane§4002514387621274 (950 to 1672)536323.5574827448 (287 to 665)0.34 (0.20 to 0.56)
Harare SE§191112199513628 (325 to 1094)29124.33022137 (37 to 351)0.22 (0.05 to 0.72)
Harare W§495830556333605 (409 to 863)807216.0897718198 (113 to 322)0.33 (0.17 to 0.62)
Mutare797557966671715 (542 to 925)14 78429.018 12935196 (131 to 282)0.27 (0.17 to 0.44)
Bindura301627323030895 (591 to 1300)77778.486139103 (40 to 203)0.11 (0.05 to 0.26)
Mutoko303522325224725 (455 to 1095)615019.8666222325 (199 to 502)0.45 (0.23 to 0.86)
Zvimba586325672927426 (267 to 629)10 81127.312 49732250 (165 to 363)0.59 (0.33 to 1.1)
Chivi383422418624574 (360 to 867)63229.8686310158 (76 to 291)0.28 (0.12 to 0.61)
Tsholotsho269714286715519 (284 to 869)41874.2441896 (26 to 244)0.18 (0.04 to 0.59)
Matobo1961620496306 (112 to 665)334012.0348513359 (186 to 627)1.2 (0.41 to 3.8)
Kwekwe632730734733474 (320 to 676)10 39818.611 94921183 (110 to 285)0.39 (0.21 to 0.71)
Total unweighted45 57929651 270337649 (576 to 723)80 116172.990 363196215 (183 to 248)0.33 (0.27 to 0.40)
Total weighted¶657 (485 to 829)217 (164 to 269)0.33 (0.28 to 0.39)
  • *April 2007 to 15 May 2008.

  • †April 2018 to 15 May 2019.

  • ‡Adjusted for missed community deaths.

  • §Nkulumane district in Bulawayo, and South-Eastern and Western districts in Harare are entirely urban districts.

  • ¶Weighted by district location to account for clustering of deaths within districts (where mortality risk factors are similar) in the pooled sample.

  • IRR, incidence rate ratio.