Table 1

Veterinary medicine failure frequency by continent/country in prevalence surveys63

ContinentIncome levelCountryNo. data pointsFailure frequency % (n/N)
Asia72.1 (165/229)
LMICViet Nam4777.3 (92/119)
UMICChina776.1 (54/71)
LMICPakistan150.0 (4/8)
High-income settingHong Kong, SAR, China448.4 (15/31)
Africa47.3 (479/1012)
LMICCameroon1084.0 (63/75)
LICDR Congo166.7 (2/3)
LMICSenegal1765.2 (58/89)
LICRwanda665.1 (54/83)
LICCAR160.0 (3/5)
LICMadagascar457.9 (33/57)
LICBenin653.4 (39/73)
LMICGhana552.0 (13/25)
LMICAngola150.0 (1/2)
LICNiger448.8 (21/43)
LICChad146.7 (7/15)
LMICCôte d'Ivoire1445.4 (64/141)
LMICNigeria544.4 (4/9)
LICTogo1442.9 (33/77)
LICBurkina Faso331.5 (17/54)
LICEthiopia428.0 (14/50)
LICMali1326.4 (52/197)
UMICNamibia10.0 (0/5)
LICMalawi10.0 (0/3)
LICMozambique10.0 (0/2)
Unknown*Unknown*125.0 (1/4)
InternetNot applicableUnknown*180.0 (4/5)
Total17352.0 (648/1246)
  • *Country where samples were collected/shipped to was not reported.

  • CAR, Central African Republic; DR Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Hong Kong SAR, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; LIC, low-income country; LMIC, lower middle-income country; UMIC, upper middle-income country.