Table 5

Institutional delivery across wealth index and educational groups

Institutional delivery
Panel A. Institutional delivery based on wealth index quintile
Cum. perc. of treated pop.−0.0568
(0.0350)
Cum. perc. of treated pop. ×dummy for poorest0.2578*
(0.0382)
Cum. perc. of treated pop. ×dummy for poor0.2186*
(0.0275)
Cum. perc. of treated pop. ×dummy for middle0.1499*
(0.0184)
Cum. perc. of treated pop. ×dummy for rich0.0636*
(0.0099)
Panel B. Institutional delivery based on education level of the mother
Cum. perc. of treated pop.−0.0784†
(0.0346)
Cum. perc. of treated pop. ×dummy for illiterate0.2940*
(0.0295)
Cum. perc. of treated pop. ×dummy for primary0.2442*
(0.0303)
Cum. perc. of treated pop. ×dummy for secondary0.1490*
(0.0221)
Mean fraction institutional delivery0.712
  • Note: Each panel lists estimates from separate regressions. All regressions control for month of birth, year of birth, town fixed effects, neonate characteristics (if the birth is a multiple birth, the sex of the neonate, if the birth is the first birth, and birth order), mother characteristics (age at delivery (categorical variable), education level (categorical variable), using modern contraceptives, being insured, smoking behaviour, BMI, having a previous miscarriage, abortion or stillbirth, religion, if the mother belongs to a caste and tribe), and household characteristics (wealth index, if the household has electricity). Robust SEs clustered at the town level are shown in parentheses.

  • *Significant at the 1 percentage level.

  • †Significant at the 5 percentage level.

  • BMI, body mass index.