Table 1

Baseline characteristics and EMC phase

First authorYearJournal civ/milAffiliated institute* civ/milAffiliated institute* home basedStudy designPreventionPreparednessReadinessResponseRecovery
Baxter402013MilCiv†USAOriginal researchX
Blazes482013MilMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Blazes522011CivMilUSAExpert opinionX
Bricknell562016MilMilGBRReview of activitiesX
Burke532012CivMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Burke512011CivMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Chretien462007CivMilUSAExpert opinionX
Chretien472006MilMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Clarke22020CivMilUSA‡Expert opinionX
Clay702016MilMilGBRExpert opinionX
Diehl572016CivMilUSAOriginal researchX
DiGiovanni302005CivMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Ear502014CivMilUSAExpert opinionX
Eardley582016MilCiv/mil§GBRReview of activitiesX
Fekadu282016CivCivAGO¶Review of activitiesX
Forestier622016MilMilCANExpert opinion**X
Forshey382021CivMilUSAOriginal researchX
France632021MilCivGBROriginal researchX
Francis261960CivCivUSAExpert opinionX
Gibbons212013CivMilUSA††Review of activitiesX
Gibson-Fall192021CivCivGBROriginal researchXXX
Harman712018CivCivGBRExpert opinion‡‡X
Hoyt272006CivCivUSAReview of activitiesX
Johns412010CivMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Kamradt-Scott642016CivCivAUSExpert opinion§§X
Kohn392010CivCivUSAExpert opinionX
Liyanage252019CivCivLKA-SWE§Original research¶¶X
Lu652016MilMilCHNReview of activitiesX
Ma362016MilMilCHNExpert opinionX
Marres422009CivCivNLDReview of activitiesX
Maxwell222008MilCiv†USAReview of activitiesX
McGee592020CivMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Meleigy202007CivCivEGYWHO News articleXX
Michaud12019CivCivUSAExpert opinionXXXX
Morgan232003CivMilUSA††Review of activitiesX
Morton Hamer292019CivCiv/mil§USAReview of activitiesX
Naluyima432019CivMilUSAReview of activities***X
Nevin672016CivCivUSAOriginal researchX
Otto342011CivMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Owens442009CivMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Reed722015CivMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Ross602017CivCivGBROriginal research¶¶X
Rustin542017MilCivUSAOriginal research¶¶X
Sanchez352011CivMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Snyder312009MilMilUSAExpert opinionX
Sueker492010CivMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Tallowin612021CivMilGBRReview of activitiesX
von Bertele662016MilCivGBRExpert opinionX
Watterson72016MilCivAUSExpert opinionXXX
Wignjadiputro322020CivCivIDNOriginal research¶¶X
Williams551997MilCiv†USAReview of activitiesX
Writer332003MilMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Yingst452007MilMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Zottig242020MilMilUSAReview of activitiesX
Total111318191
  • Original research: systematic analysis of available information. Review of activities: description of phenomenon or activities without systematic analysis. Expert opinion: normative article, outlining views of author(s). News article: item on current or recent news of either general interest or of a specific topic.

  • *Affiliated institute of first author.

  • †Author identifies with military rank.

  • ‡George C. Marshall European Center for International Security Studies, Germany.

  • §Affiliated on both.

  • ¶WHO Country Representative Office.

  • **Based on preliminary distillation of formalised interviews.

  • ††Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Science, Thailand.

  • ‡‡The findings drawn from literature review on Ebola, policy analysis of WHO and Medécins Sans Frontières (MSF) reports and semi-structured interviews actors involved in the Ebola response.

  • §§Referring to more than 70 semi-structured interviews.

  • ¶¶Empiric research.

  • ***Makerere University Walter Reed Project, Uganda.

  • EMC, emergency management cycle.