Table 3

Ratio of excess mortality to reported COVID-19 deaths

CountryLocationRatio (95% CI)
ArgentinaBuenos Aires City1.07 (1.0 to 1.5)
ArgentinaMunicipality of Hurlingham1.07 (1.0 to 1.5)
BrazilMaranhao1.41 (1.0 to 2.4)
BrazilSao Paulo City1.02 (1.0 to 1.3)
BrazilCuiaba, Mato Grosso1.00 (1.0 to 1.0)
BrazilVarzea Grande, Mato Grosso1.00 (1.0 to 1.0)
ChileCoquimbo-La Serena, Greater Santiago, Talca1.00 (1.0 to 1.0)
ChinaWuhan1.00 (1.0 to 1.0)
ColombiaLeticia (Amazonas)1.09 (1.0 to 1.6)
ColombiaBarranquilla (Atlantico)1.09 (1.0 to 1.6)
ColombiaMedellin (Antioquia)1.09 (1.0 to 1.6)
ColombiaBucaramanga (Santander)1.09 (1.0 to 1.6)
ColombiaCucuta (Norte Santander)1.09 (1.0 to 1.6)
ColombiaVillavicencio (Meta)1.09 (1.0 to 1.6)
ColombiaBogota1.09 (1.0 to 1.6)
ColombiaCali (Valle del Cauca)1.09 (1.0 to 1.6)
ColombiaIpiales (Narino)1.09 (1.0 to 1.6)
ColombiaCordoba: 8 cities1.09 (1.0 to 1.6)
EcuadorCuenca (Azuay)1.01 (1.0 to 1.1)
HungaryNational Study1.04 (1.0 to 1.4)
IndiaKarnataka4.89 (2.6 to 8.2)
IndiaChennai4.80 (2.7 to 7.9)
JordanNational Study1.57 (1.0 to 3.0)
KenyaNairobi County13.29 (7.1 to 23.1)
ParaguayAsuncion+Central Department1.10 (1.0 to 1.6)
PeruLambayeque1.09 (1.0 to 1.6)
PeruLima (Metropolitana)+Callao1.09 (1.0 to 1.6)
PeruIquitos, Loreto1.09 (1.0 to 1.6)
  • Note: This table shows Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) estimates of the ratio of excess mortality to reported COVID-19 deaths (constrained to be 1.0 or greater).22 The 95% CIs, enclosed in parentheses, are also taken directly from IHME, with a one-tailed interval for each location where the estimated undercount ratio is constrained by the lower bound of unity.