Table 2

Included studies for infection fatality rate (IFR)

LocationDate rangeAssay usedCitation
Latin America
ArgentinaBuenos Aires City10 September to 18 October 2020COVIDAR IgG68
Municipality of Hurlingham26 November to 10 December 2020COVIDAR IgG69
BoliviaSanta Cruz22 August to 13 September 2020Standard Q IgG/IgM70
BrazilCuiabá16 September to 15 October 2020DiaSorin Liaison IgG71
Distrito Federal2–17 December 2020CTK Biotech Onsite IgG/IgM72
Foz do Iguaçu14 May to 9 June 2020Proprietary73
Maranhao27 July to 8 August 2020Roche Elecsys IgG/IgM74
Mato Grosso16 September to 15 October 2020DiaSorin Liaison IgG71
Pitangueiras24 August to 29 September 2020ECO IgG/IgM75
Rio Grande do Sul5–7 February 2021University of Rio de Janeiro76
Sao Paulo City1–10 October 2020Roche Elecsys IgG/IgM77
Várzea Grande16 September to 15 October 2020DiaSorin Liaison IgG71
ChileSantiago/ Coquimbo/Talca26 September to 25 November 2020Roche Elecsys IgG/IgM78
ColombiaBarranquilla20–30 September 2020Siemens Advia IgG/IgM79
Bogotá10 October to 5 November 2020Siemens Advia IgG/IgM79
Bucaramanga27 September to 9 October 2020Siemens Advia IgG/IgM79
Cali18–28 November 2020Siemens Advia IgG/IgM79
Córdoba (eight cities)1 July to 29 October 2020INgezim DR IgG/IgM/IgA80
Cucuta5–15 October 2020Siemens Advia IgG/IgM79
Ipiales3–11 December 2020Siemens Advia IgG/IgM79
Leticia15–25 September 2020Siemens Advia IgG/IgM79
Medellín5 October to 20 December 2020Siemens Advia IgG/IgM79
Villavicencio20–30 October 2020Siemens Advia IgG/IgM79
EcuadorCuenca11 August to 1 November 2020Standard Q IgG/IgM81
MexicoNationwide18 August to 13 November 2020Roche Elecsys IgG/IgM82
ParaguayAsunción & Central Dept.23 December to 16 February 2021Beijing Kewei IgG/IgM83
PeruCusco Province12–27 September 2020Roche Elecsys IgG/IgM84
Iquitos, Loreto13–18 July 2020Orient Gene Biotech IgG/IgM85
Lambayeque24 June to 10 July 2020Coretest IgG/IgM86
Lima and Callao28 June to 9 July 2020Standard Q IgG/IgM40
Africa
EthiopiaAddis Ababa22 July to 10 August 2020Core Technology IgG87
Dire Dawa15 June to 30 July 2020Abbott Architect IgG88
KenyaNairobi County2–23 November 2020Wantai IgG/IgM89
MozambiqueMaputo city3–21 August 2020Abbott PanBio IgG/IgM90
SenegalNationwide24 October to 26 November 2020Wantai IgG/IgM91
South AfricaGauteng4 November to 22 January 2021Luminex S IgG92
Mitchells Plain8 December to 31 January 2021Wantai IgG/IgM93
ZambiaLusaka & Ndola4–27 July 2020Euroimmun IgG94
Middle East
IranNationwide3 August to 31 October 2020Pishtaz Teb IgG/IgM95
JordanNationwide27 December to 6 January 2021Wantai IgG/IgM96
OmanNationwide12–19 July 2020DiaSorin Liaison IgG97
Europe
Bosnia & HerzegovinaRepublika Srpska4 November to 16 December 2020Wantai IgG/IgM25
HungaryNational Study1–16 May 2020Abbott Architect IgG98
PolandKatowice region1 October to 30 November 2020Euroimmun IgG99
RussiaSt. Petersburg25 May to 28 June 2020Genetico CoronaPass Total21
South Asia
IndiaBerhampur6–6 August 2020Roche Elecsys IgG/IgM100
Bhubaneswar10–10 July 2020Roche Elecsys IgG/IgM100
Chennai17–28 July 2020Abbott Architect IgG101
Delhi1–7 August 2020Zydus Kavach IgG102
Karnataka15 June to 29 August 2020THSTI IgG103
Malegaon25 July to 20 August 2020Karwa Kavach IgG104
Mumbai29 June to 19 July 2020Abbott Architect IgG42
Paschim Medinipur27 July to 7 August 2020ErbaLisa IgG105
Pimpri-Chinchwad7–17 October 2020Abbott Architect IgG106
Puducherry10–16 September 2020Roche Elecsys IgG/IgM107
Srinagar17–20 October 2020Abbott Architect IgG108
Tamil Nadu19 October to 30 November 2020iFlash IgG & Vitros IgG109
NepalNationwide9–22 October 2020Wantai IgG/IgM110
PakistanKarachi15–31 July 2020Roche Elecsys IgG/IgM111
Lahore15–31 July 2020Roche Elecsys IgG/IgM111
East Asia
ChinaHubei (excluding Wuhan)10–18 April 2020Bioscience IgG/IgM112
ChinaWuhan10–18 April 2020Bioscience IgG/IgM112