Table 3

Extended treatment effects on COVID-19 practices, psychological well-being, food security and conflicts

Dependent variableTreatment effect95% CI(6) P value(7)
Control mean
A. COVID-19 practices
 Access sufficient water0.7990.0180.018(−0.044 to 0.079)(−0.042 to 0.078)0.559633R1
 Access soap0.8710.0080.007(−0.042 to 0.059)(−0.045 to 0.059)0.788633R1
 Always wearing masks0.8010.041**0.043**(0.007 to 0.076)(0.008 to 0.079)0.0161819R1 & R2 &R3
 Social distancing0.382−0.037−0.034(−0.083 to 0.010)(−0.081 to 0.013)0.1571707R1 & R2 &R3
 Staying at home0.0890.0340.036(−0.015 to 0.082)(−0.013 to 0.085)0.153633R1
B. Food security
 Eaten less-preferred food0.834−0.016−0.016(−0.058 to 0.026)(−0.058 to 0.026)0.4651283R1 & R3
 Gone to bed hungry0.515−0.054**−0.056**(−0.108 to 0.000)(−0.111 to –0.002)0.0431283R1 & R3
 Skipped or cut meals0.74−0.048*−0.043*(−0.097 to 0.002)(−0.093 to 0.007)0.0921284R1 & R3
 Gone whole day without food0.45−0.021−0.026(−0.073 to 0.030)(−0.078 to 0.027)0.3351283R1 & R3
 Household Dietary Diversity Score3.9480.447***0.459***(0.186 to 0.708)(0.184 to 0.734)0.001630R2
C. Psychological well-being
 CES-D scale2.650.105*0.103*(−0.001 to 0.211)(−0.004 to 0.211)0.058632R1
 World Value Survey’s Happiness Question2.2160.159**0.167***(0.035 to 0.284)(0.041 to 0.293)0.010630R1
 World Value Survey’s Life Satisfaction Question3.9560.597***0.602***(0.261 to 0.934)(0.262 to 0.943)0.001622R1
D. Health services accessibility
 Unable to access health services0.1230.0180.021(−0.044 to 0.080)(−0.043 to 0.085)0.520468R1
 Visited private health facilities0.0910.104*0.105*(−0.014 to 0.222)(−0.003 to 0.213)0.057149R1
  • Panel A–C report treatment effects on outcomes of COVID-19 practices, Food Security and Psychological Well-being, respectively, whose summary indexes are shown in table 2. Panel D reports treatment effects on outcomes of Health Services. The treatment effects are calculated using OLS regression. All regressions control household characteristics including the gender of household head, household size, time in settlement and different ethnicities. Column (1) shows the means of the control group. Columns (2) and (4) show the unweighted treatment effect estimates and 95% CI, respectively. Columns (3), (5) are weighted by inverse probability weights. Columns (6) shows the p values (weighted). Columns (7) shows the number of observations and (8) shows the round in which the data are collected. Significance levels correspond with *** p<0.01 for 1%, ** p<0.05 or 5% and * p<0.1 for 10% respectively

  • OLS, ordinary least squares.