Table 1

Demographic characteristics, NCD risk factors and morbidity categories of the participants included in the study (n=47 883)

Individuals used in survival analysis (including 2297 lost to follow-up)Lost to follow-up*Complete cases
n%n%n%
47 88310022974.80%45 58695.20
Demographic variables
Males20 46742.7488438.4819 58342.96
Females27 41657.26141361.5226 00357.04
Age, mean (SD)51.86 (8.83)50.48 (8.48)51.93 (8.85)
<407851.64632.747221.58
40–4923 19648.44125854.7721 93848.12
50–5914 84831.0162127.0414 22731.21
60–69679714.2028112.23651614.29
≥7022574.71743.2221834.79
Education level†
No-education33 31369.57145763.4331 85669.88
Education14 57030.4384036.5713 73030.12
Marital status
Single568711.8825811.23542911.91
Married42 19688.12203988.7740 15788.09
Geography
Urban971820.3025711.19946120.75
Rural38 16579.70204088.8136 12579.25
Wealth
110 09521.0834815.15974721.38
2886618.5235815.59850818.66
310 44021.8053123.12990921.74
4913219.0747720.77865518.99
5935019.5358325.38876719.23
Ethnicity
Torkman35 57074.29113949.5934 43175.53
Other12 31325.71115850.4111 15524.47
NCD risk factors
Smoking
Non-smoker39 57482.65197585.9837 59982.48
Ex-smoker16373.42703.0515673.44
Current smoker667213.9325210.97642014.08
Pack years for smokers, mean (SD)16.89 (18.37)16.65 (21.06)16.90 (18.25)
BMI (kg/m2)
Underweight (<18.5)22674.73984.2721694.76
Normal weight (18.5≤weight<25)17 15535.8376033.0916 39535.96
Overweight (≥25)28 46159.44143962.6527 02259.28
Physical activity status*
116 55234.5766428.9115 88834.85
215 41632.2080935.2214 60732.04
315 91533.2482435.8715 09133.10
Morbidity
No of diseases, mean (SD)1.06 (1.19)1.18 (1.28)1.05 (1.19)
Count of morbidities
019 34440.4086137.4818 48340.55
115 06931.4770230.5614 36731.52
2787316.4439517.20747816.40
335347.382159.3633197.28
4+20634.311245.4019394.25
Multimorbidity (defined as 2+ morbidities in any domain or system)
Not multimorbid34 41371.87%156368.05%32 85072.06%
Multimorbid13 47028.13%73431.95%12 73627.94%
At least one disease (N)28 53959.60%143662.52%27 10359.45%
Non-communicable diseases (at least one)27 19856.80%137359.77%25 82556.65%
Cancer1600.33%40.17%1560.34%
Cardiovascular disease (at least one condition)17 81537.21%88138.35%16 93437.15%
Endocrine (at least one condition)8851.85%552.39%8301.82%
Gastrointestinal (at least one condition)10 69822.34%61026.56%10 08822.13%
Respiratory (at least one condition)29486.16%1144.96%28346.22%
Renal - chronic kidney disease900.19%40.17%860.19%
Neurology (at least one condition)9652.02%512.22%9142.01%
Rheumatology (at least one condition)1270.27%80.35%1190.26%
Unspecified conditions needing Immunosuppressants36917.71%2089.06%34837.64%
Other*‡12902.69%863.74%12042.64%
Mental health (any)41888.75%25811.23%39308.62%
Communicable diseases (at least one)15343.20%642.79%14703.22%
Medications
019 56740.86%74332.35%18 82441.29%
112 70526.53%62026.99%12 08526.51%
2707314.77%35115.28%672214.75%
337807.89%27411.93%35067.69%
4+47589.94%30913.45%44499.76%
  • *Physical activity tertiles have been calculated based on the intensity of physical activity, based on METs.

  • †Education includes 1 or more years of education.

  • ‡Vitamin or mineral deficiency or benign prostate hyperplasia.

  • BMI, body mass index; METs, metabolic equivalents of task; NCD, non-communicable disease.