Table 3

The HR of dying within the study period by demographic characteristics, NCD risk factors and number of conditions

VariableHR95% CIP value
Count of morbidities0 diseasesReferent
1 disease1.54(1.43 to 1.65)<0.001
2 diseases2.08(1.92 to 2.26)<0.001
3 diseases2.36(2.14 to 2.60)<0.001
4+diseases3.06(2.74 to 3.43)<0.001
SexFemalesReferent
Males3.17(2.22 to 4.53)<0.001
AgeAge at entrance1.08(1.07 to 1.08)<0.001
EducationNo-educationReferent
Education0.81(0.75 to 0.87)<0.001
Marital statusNot marriedReferent
Married0.87(0.80 to 0.94)<0.001
Wealth quintilesWealth quintile 1Referent
Wealth quintile 20.91(0.84 to 0.98)0.02
Wealth quintile 30.71(0.65 to 0.77)<0.001
Wealth quintile 40.72(0.66 to 0.78)<0.001
Wealth quintile 50.62(0.56 to 0.68)<0.001
EthnicityTurkmenReferent
Not Turkmen0.88(0.83 to 0.94)<0.001
Smoking statusNever smokedReferent
Current/ex-smoker1.37(1.28 to 1.47)<0.001
BMIBMI <18.5Referent
BMI: 18.5≤x<250.70(0.63 to 0.77)<0.001
BMI: ≥250.62(0.56 to 0.69)<0.001
Physical activityPhysical activity 1Referent
Physical activity 20.79(0.74 to 0.85)<0.001
Physical activity 30.74(0.69 to 0.79)<0.001
Interaction between sex and ageExtra risk for each age year for femalesReferent
Extra risk for each age year for males0.99(0.99 to 1.00)0.01
  • BMI, body mass index; NCD, non-communicable disease.