Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria of the systematic review

Inclusion criteriaExclusion criteria
Studies pertaining to surgery, obstetrics or anaesthesia.Studies pertaining to non-operative specialties.
Studies about physicians from HICs doing clinical work in LMICs.Studies describing LMIC situations, not including visiting teams; studies about research or policy work; studies about work in countries that are not LMICs; studies pertaining to surgical care in humanitarian or military settings.
Studies presenting original data on the perspective of LMIC stakeholders affected by or participating in these programmes.Clinical case-reports of individual surgical patients; studies only describing HIC perspective.
  • HICs, high-income countries; LMICs, low-income‚ÄČand middle-income countries.