Table 1

Characteristics of pharmacy engagement interventions

Country and yearSettingPharmacist typeIntervention typeIncentives*
Bangladesh 2017–2018UrbanLicensedScreening for TB, referralsMonetary
Burkina Faso
2012–2013
UrbanLicensedScreening for TB, referralsMonetary
Cambodia 2019–2020UrbanLicensedScreening for TB, referrals, sputum collection and transportMonetary
Ethiopia 2018–2019UrbanMixtureScreening for TB, referralsMonetary
Ghana 2018–2019UrbanMixtureScreening for TB, sputum collection and transportNon-monetary
India
2014–2016
UrbanInformalScreening for TB, referralsMonetary
India
2017–2018
UrbanLicensedScreening for TB, referralsNone
Kenya
2011–2012
UrbanInformalScreening for TB, referralsNon-monetary
Kenya
2019–2020
RuralLicensedScreening for TB, referrals, sputum collection and transportNon-monetary
Malawi 2018–2019MixtureMixtureScreening for TB, referralsNon-monetary
Nepal
2014–2016
UrbanLicensedScreening for TB, referralsNone
Nepal
2018–2019
RuralLicensedScreening for TB, referrals, sputum collection and transportMonetary
Nigeria 2012–2013UrbanInformalScreening for TB, referralsMonetary
Nigeria 2018–2019RuralMixtureScreening for TB, referrals, sputum collection and transportMonetary
Tanzania 2012–2013MixtureInformalScreening for TB, referralsNone
Tanzania 2018–2020RuralInformalScreening for TB, referrals, sputum collection and transportNon-monetary
Uganda 2019–2021UrbanMixtureScreening for TB, referralsMonetary
Vietnam 2014–2016RuralLicensedScreening for TB, referralsMonetary
Vietnam
2017–2018
UrbanLicensedScreening for TB, referralsMonetary
  • *Monetary incentives were direct monetary payments per individual referred, often with a bonus if the individual was subsequently diagnosed with TB. Non-monetary incentives included useful items such as weighing scales, wall clocks or mobile telephone credit.

  • TB, tuberculosis.