Table 2

Whole-cohort microbiology

PathogenFrequency (%)
Bacterial
 Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC)126 (46)
 Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC)115 (42)
 Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC)51 (19)
Campylobacter43 (16)
Shigella/enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC)31 (11)
Salmonella4 (1.5)
 Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (STEC)3 (1.1)
Plesiomonas shigelloides1 (0.37)
Protozoan
Giardia20 (7.3)
Cryptosporidium12 (4.4)
Viral
 Rotavirus151 (55)
 Norovirus39 (14)
 Adenovirus33 (12)
 Sapovirus10 (3.6)
 Astrovirus8 (2.9)
Negative
 Negative for all pathogens assayed9 (3.3)
 Negative for all viral pathogens64 (23)
 Negative for all bacterial and protozoan pathogens63 (23)
  • No Vibrio cholerae, Yersinia, E. coli O157, Entamoeba histolytica or Cyclospora cayetensis detected. Clostridioides difficile was omitted from this table as its role as a pathogen in infants is unclear.