Table 4

Average costs (Australian dollars) of health service use by children between birth and 5 years of age based on sources of funding and vulnerability classification

CostsVulnerable childrenNon-vulnerable childrenCost ratio (95% CI)*
Cost (mean±SD)Cost (mean±SD)
Year 1
Out-of-pocket costs107 (762)252 (1229)0.42 (0.41 to 0.43)
Public hospital funders12 766 (23 342)7376 (14 847)1.73 (1.70 to 1.76)
Private health insurers952 (4367)1480 (4452)0.64 (0.62 to 0.66)
Medicare737 (876)896 (1203)0.82 (0.82 to 0.83)
Year 2
Out-of-pocket costs45 (274)101 (428)0.44 (0.43 to 0.46)
Public hospital funders1607 (7088)1278 (6496)1.26 (1.22 to 1.30)
Private health insurers42 (543)106 (897)0.39 (0.34 to 0.45)
Medicare496 (483)534 (558)0.93 (0.92 to 0.94)
Year 3
Out-of-pocket costs42 (270)93 (453)0.46 (0.44 to 0.47)
Public hospital funders865 (6538)789 (5120)1.10 (1.05 to 1.14)
Private health insurers19 (305)68 (536)0.27 (0.24 to 0.32)
Medicare339 (429)366 (500)0.93 (0.92 to 0.94)
Year 4
Out-of-pocket costs31 (221)95 (519)0.33 (0.32 to 0.34)
Public hospital funders510 (4306)500 (4303)1.02 (0.97 to 1.07)
Private health insurers15 (226)55 (441)0.27 (0.23 to 0.32)
Medicare255 (367)337 (508)0.76 (0.75 to 0.76)
Year 5
Out-of-pocket costs23 (187)81 (390)0.28 (0.27 to 0.29)
Public hospital funders306 (3207)304 (2653)1.01 (0.94 to 1.07)
Private health insurers11 (173)41 (420)0.26 (0.21 to 0.31)
Medicare190 (334)277 (420)0.69 (0.68 to 0.70)
Total
Out-of-pocket costs248 (1024)622 (1788)0.40 (0.39 to 0.41)
Public hospital funders16 053 (28 353)10 247 (20 721)1.57 (1.55 to 1.59)
Private health insurers1037 (4495)1750 (4806)0.59 (0.58 to 0.61)
Medicare2017 (1718)2410 (2207)0.84 (0.83 to 0.84)
  • *Reference group=non-vulnerable children.