Table 3

Distribution of skin-to-skin contact across the explanatory variables

VariablesWeighted NWeighted %Mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact
No (%)Yes (%)P value
Sex of child0.085
Male66 74150.958.441.6
Female64 35349.157.842.2
Birth order<0.001
First27 47021.054.046.0
Second24 57818.755.045.0
Third20 92816.056.543.5
Fourth16 92112.958.042.0
Fifth or more41 19731.463.436.6
Birth weight<0.001
Normal (≥2.5 kg)123 95294.658.741.3
Low birth weight (<2.5 kg)71425.447.053.0
Type of delivery<0.001
Vaginal124 37494.957.142.9
Caesarean section67205.175.524.5
Type of birth<0.001
Single128 46898.058.042.0
Multiple26262.062.537.5
Mother’s age (years)<0.001
15–1999257.656.243.8
20–2429 78722.754.945.1
25–2933 48325.558.241.8
30–3426 31220.157.942.1
35–3919 16614.660.339.7
40–4492237.063.136.9
45–4931982.465.534.5
Maternal educational level<0.001
No education48 16336.869.530.5
Primary43 69833.352.647.4
Secondary or higher39 23329.950.149.9
Marital status<0.001
Never in union96477.448.151.9
Married92 73570.761.638.4
Cohabiting19 13414.649.250.8
Widowed17871.457.742.3
Divorced26662.054.645.4
Separated51253.948.151.9
Current working status<0.001
No44 19933.759.340.7
Yes86 89566.357.442.6
ANC<0.001
None14 62311.185.814.2
1–339 82030.459.041.0
4 or more76 65158.552.347.7
Place of delivery<0.001
Home38 10829.185.714.3
Health facility91 54569.846.253.8
Other14411.181.518.5
Health insurance coverage<0.001
No125 49895.757.942.1
Yes55964.362.737.3
Exposed to watching television<0.001
No98 63975.260.239.8
Yes32 45524.851.648.4
Exposed to listening to radio<0.001
No86 79166.261.438.6
Yes44 30333.851.648.4
Exposed to reading newspaper/magazine<0.001
No123 51794.259.240.8
Yes75775.839.061.0
Wealth index<0.001
Poorest28 16521.565.734.3
Poorer28 02121.462.737.3
Middle26 30420.159.140.9
Richer25 32219.352.647.4
Richest23 28217.748.052.0
Place of residence<0.001
Urban44 68634.151.548.5
Rural86 40865.961.438.6
Geographical subregions<0.001
Southern12 7089.741.558.5
Central14 94111.454.345.7
Eastern45 63134.853.746.3
Western57 81444.166.133.9
  • *P values were generated from the χ2 test.

  • ANC, antenatal care.