Table 3

Regression estimates of the public health Initiative and under-5 mortality rates

All regionsEastCentralWest
Panel A: China Healthy Cities
 Time trend0.39*** (0.03)0.17*** (0.02)0.06 (0.10)0.53*** (0.13)
 Policy−0.06 (0.15)−0.10 (0.12)−0.61 (0.59)0.74 (0.72)
 Policy×time trend−0.13*** (0.03)−0.02 (0.03)−0.03 (0.12)−0.79*** (0.15)
 Constant−16.56*** (0.13)−19.87*** (0.11)2.32*** (0.52)29.75*** (0.63)
 5-year effect−0.72*** (0.24)−0.18 (0.19)−0.76 (0.93)−3.22*** (1.14)
 10-year effect−1.38*** (0.37)−0.26 (0.30)−0.92 (1.45)−7.18*** (1.79)
 Observations19191919
 First-step N645268216161
 First-step N*T10 965455636722737
Panel B: China Healthy Counties
 Time trend0.40*** (0.08)0.28** (0.12)−0.02 (0.05)0.74*** (0.14)
 Policy0.94* (0.48)1.45** (0.66)0.45 (0.32)−0.30 (0.82)
 Policy×time trend−0.44*** (0.10)−0.65*** (0.14)0.05 (0.07)−0.38** (0.17)
 Constant−45.53*** (0.40)−42.30*** (0.57)10.21*** (0.25)−1.53** (0.70)
 5-year effect−1.27 (0.73)−1.80 (1.04)0.73 (0.46)−2.20 (1.27)
 8-year effect−2.59** (0.97)−3.75** (1.39)0.89 (0.62)−3.34* (1.69)
 Observations19191919
 First-step N1631365477789
 First-step N*T27 7276205810913 413
  • Data are regression estimates (95% CI) from the second step of our two-step econometric approach. Separate analyses for China Healthy Cities and China Healthy Counties. Estimates from subgroup analyses by region were also reported. First-step N represents the number of cities/counties included in the first step regression analysis (equation 1). First-step N*T represents the number of city/county-year observations included in the first step regression analysis (equation 1).

  • *P<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.