Table 1E

North American and Central American region countries: COVID-19 cases and deaths (data from 2 May 2021), data on the number of children screened and diseases included, and the overall impact of COVID-19 pandemic on newborn screening. Legend: N/A - The Question was left unanswered.

Country (region)Population (in millions)COVID-19 cases per million (in thousands)Deaths due to COVID-19
(per million)
Wave with more impact on the countryWave with more impact on NBSAverage number of newborns per country (2015–2020; from 30 June of the initial and final year)Newborns screened/year/centreNumber of diseases in NBSImpairment of NBS during the pandemic*Were there plans/guidelines for NBS during a pandemic
North and Central America
 Canada (Nova Scotia)38.132.5639Both equallyBoth equally385 53317 00021–30LittleNo
 Canada (Alberta)38.132.5639SecondN/A385 53355 00021–30LittleN/A
 USA (Texas)332.699.81777SecondSecond3 900 7500†31 or moreModerateNo
 USA (San Diego, California)332.699.81777Both equallyBoth equally3 900 75085 00031 or moreN/AN/A
  • *A 5-point Likert scale was used to determine the impairment (1=none, 2=little, 3=moderate, 4=a lot, 5=a great deal).

  • †0 newborn screened by the state. They are followed up by volunteer consultants.

  • N/A, not available; NBS, newborn screening.