Table 1

Categories of coding and analysis

Characteristics of emergency orders
Enforcement of non-complianceCriminal sanctions
Punitive sanctions (eg, administrative penalties such as high fines)
Military enforcement
COVID-19 restrictionsStay-at-home mandate
Mask mandate
Social distancing
Public gathering restrictions
Government supportBasic needs (food and water)
Socioeconomic support
Siracusa PrinciplesLegality
Legitimate aim
Limited duration
Subject to review