Table 1

Description of study hospitals

HospitalHospital typeNo of beds—total/paediatricPaediatric outpatient clinic turnover (weekly)User charging policyCatchment populationSource
AKTHTertiary—with paediatric outpatient clinic offering primary level care750/55~1400User fees charged at 50% of adult rateResidents of Kano and neighbouring statesAKTH paediatric and hospital record units
MMSHSecondary—with paediatric outpatient clinic offering primary level care1000/56~2100Consultation and admission provided free to children <14 years.
Patients pay for investigations and buy drugs out-of-pocket if not available
Residents of Kano and neighbouring statesMMSH paediatric and hospital record units
  • AKTH, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital; MMSH, Murtala Muhammed Specialist Hospital.