Table 5

Change in knowledge, attitude and practice outcomes for heat illness preintervention and postintervention between control and intervention groups

VariablesControl n (%)Intervention n (%)Adjusted OR
(95% CI)
Preintervention (n, %)Postintervention (n, %)Preintervention (n, %)Postintervention (n, %)
Age >65 is a risk factor1172 (90.6)1119 (84)851 (83.4)1068 (89)0.88 (0.79 to 1.04)
High temperature is a symptom361 (27.9)622 (46.7)345 (33.9)674 (56.2)2.37 (2.10 to 2.67)*
Increased weakness is a symptom503 (38.9)585 (43.9)273 (26.9)608 (50.7)1.72 (1.53 to 1.93)*
Worsening mental status is a symptom125 (9.7)183 (13.7)175 (17.2)246 (20.5)1.88 (1.62 to 2.21)*
Increased heart rate is a sign210 (16.3)292 (22)92 (9.1)266 (22.2)1.31 (1.12 to 1.55)*
Working outside is a risk factor256 (19.8)144 (10.8)260 (25.6)152 (12.7)0.47 (0.40 to 0.55)*
Avoid going outside between 11:00–15:00 hours80 (6.2)199 (14.9)87 (8.8)256 (21.3)2.78 (2.29 to 3.37)*
Reduce time in kitchen during afternoon1051 (81.3)931 (69.8)745 (73.4)808 (67.3)1.94 (1.59 to 2.38)*
Victim should be moved to a cooler area254 (19.6)189 (14.2)234 (23.1)230 (19.2)0.73 (0.63 to 0.85)*
Heavy clothing should be removed175 (13.5)146 (11)142 (14)148 (12.3)0.82 (0.68 to 0.96)*
Helpline should be called54 (4.2)47 (0.1)67 (6.6)41 (3.4)0.66 (0.49 to 0.88)*
Wet sponging should be considered160 (12.3)126 (9.4)159 (15.7)118 (9.8)0.65 (0.54 to 0.78)*
Shower should be considered1012 (78.3)857 (64.3)738 (72.7)863 (72)0.68 (0.61 to 0.78)*
  • *P<0.05.