Table 2

Effects of COVID-19 on schooling and sexual activity measures

COVID-19 cohortPre-COVID-19 cohortRR (95% CI)P valueaRR (95% CI)P value
Dropped out of school49/509 (9.7)12/403 (3.0)3.18 (1.63 to 6.22)0.0013.03 (1.55 to 5.95)0.001
Migrated schools36/509 (7.1)8/403 (2.0)3.37 (1.74 to 6.53)<0.0013.39 (1.70 to 6.77)0.001
Incident pregnancy55/509 (10.9)21/403 (5.2)2.13 (1.18 to 3.87)0.0132.11 (1.13 to 3.95)0.019
Sexually active293/443 (66.1)186/367 (50.7)1.31 (1.11 to 1.54)0.0011.28 (1.09 to 1.51)0.002
Sexual debut*135/285 (47.4)62/243 (25.5)1.87 (1.27 to 2.75)0.0011.84 (1.25 to 2.70)0.002
First sex desired†52/293 (17.8)67/186 (36.0)0.49 (0.38 to 0.63)<0.0010.49 (0.37 to 0.65)<0.001
Condom use—last 6 months†140/293 (47.8)97/186 (52.2)0.92 (0.71 to 1.18)0.5040.91 (0.70 to 1.18)0.477
Hormonal contraceptives—current†12/293 (4.1)13/186 (7.0)0.59 (0.24 to 1.47)0.2540.58 (0.22 to 1.48)0.252
Work for pay105/443 (23.7)93/367 (25.3)0.94 (0.74 to 1.19)0.5970.93 (0.72 to 1.21)0.596
Non-school-related work hours—prior school day‡3.32 (2.0–5.0)2.63 (1.0–3.0)1.85 (1.18 to 2.90)0.0071.92 (1.23 to 2.99)0.004
Sexual violence14/443 (3.2)5/367 (1.4)2.36 (0.69 to 7.99)0.1692.15 (0.65 to 7.16)0.211
Indecent touching50/443 (11.3)54/367 (14.7)0.77 (0.49 to 1.20)0.2410.75 (0.47 to 1.19)0.225
  • Statistically significant differences at p<0.05 in bold.

  • *Only among girls who were not sexually active at baseline.

  • †Only among sexually active.

  • ‡Only among girls responding to participating in work activities (prior day restricted to Monday-Friday).

  • aRR, adjusted RR; RR, risk ratio.