Table 4

Poisson regressions of separate multidimensional poverty indicators on depressive symptoms of participants aged 11–25 years from harmonised dataset and individual countries

Harmonised (N=16 173)South Africa (N=5161)Mexico (N=7405)Colombia (N=3607)
IRR
(95% CI)
IRR
(95% CI)
IRR
(95% CI)
IRR
(95% CI)
Young person deprived in (ref: no deprivation)
 Child labour1.17
(1.10 to 1.25)
1.02
(0.86 to 1.21)
1.16
(1.08 to 1.25)
1.25
(0.99 to 1.57)
 School lag1.08
(1.03 to 1.13)
0.10
(0.95 to 1.04)
1.10
(1.02 to 1.18)
1.13
(1.07 to 1.41)
 School attendance0.98
(0.93 to 1.04)
0.99
(0.94 to 1.05)
1.00
(0.92 to 1.09)
0.85
(0.67 to 1.08)
 No health insurance/access to services1.12
(1.07 to 1.28)
1.18
(0.99 to 1.39)
0.74
(0.61 to 0.91)
1.37
(1.20 to 1.55)
Any adult household member deprived in
 Education (literacy)0.95
(0.90 to 0.99)
0.99
(0.93 to 1.04)
0.94
(0.88 to 1.00)
0.90
(0.74 to 1.10)
 Education (achievement)1.02
(0.98 to 1.07)
1.01
(0.96 to 1.05)
1.01
(0.95 to 1.07)
1.10
(0.95 to 1.26)
 Long-term unemployment0.97
(0.93 to 1.02)
0.95
(0.91 to 0.99)
0.96
(0.81 to 1.12)
1.25
(1.03 to 1.52)
 No formal employment1.08
(1.02 to 1.15)
1.29
(1.19 to 1.39)
1.07
(0.95 to 1.20)
1.00
(0.86 to 1.16)
Housing deprived from
 Adequate material of floors/walls or access to sewage/water or overcrowding1.06
(1.02 to 1.10)
1.04
(0.99 to 1.07)
1.08
(1.02 to 1.15)
0.98
(0.86 to 1.11)
Controls
 Age1.01
(0.10 to 1.01)
1.02
(1.01 to 1.03)
1.00
(0.99 to 1.01)
1.01
(0.99 to 1.02)
 Sex (ref.: male)1.38
(1.33 to 1.42)
1.04
(1.02 to 1.08)
1.56
(1.48 to 1.65)
1.52
(1.35 to 1.72)
 South Africa (ref.: Mexico)0.84
(0.75 to 0.92)
 Colombia (ref.: Mexico)0.37
(0.35 to 0.40)
  • IRR, incidence rate ratio.