Table 1

Categorisation of included countries based on NMR time trends and recent NMR

Most recent survey
Historical trend
Rural NMR higher than urban, overlapping CIsRural NMR significantly higher than urbanUrban NMR higher than rural, overlapping CIsUrban NMR significantly higher than rural
Overall country NMR decreasing since first included survey (1990s)Benin, Burkina Faso, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Namibia, Rwanda, SenegalGuinea, NigerGhana, Ethiopia, Malawi, Uganda, ZambiaTanzania
Overall country NMR unchanging or increasing since first included survey (1990s)Cameroon, Cote D’Ivoire, Nigeria,
  • Countries in bold have most recent NMR estimates >30 per 1000 live births. All other countries have levels in the range 20–30.

  • NMR, neonatal mortality rate.