Table 1

Summary of the different organisations involved in Sri Lanka’s malaria elimination campaign

The Antimalarial Campaign (AMC—branch of national government)
  • Oversaw the malaria elimination campaign

  • Coordinated entomological and parasitological services

  • Coordinated surveillance activities

  • Acquired, stored, distributed antimalarial medications

  • Partnered with various stakeholders to operate malaria control activities, deliver medications to conflict zones, host mobile clinics, run education campaigns

  • Tracked malaria cases among migrants

  • Host training programmes for malaria treatment and diagnosis for physicians and military members

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)
  • Indirect collaboration with the government of Sri Lanka to conduct malaria elimination activities, and provide malaria care in north eastern regions of the nation

  • Communicated with the AMC through the RMOs

  • Developed a parallel health service that was involved in insecticide spraying, malaria treatment and operating mobile units

  • Created accelerated medical training programme to provide community medicine in partnership with government physicians

The International Committee for the Red Cross (international non-governmental organisation)
  • Ensured that antimalarial medications were able to get to the LTTE held territory through the A9 highway

Sarvodaya (national civil society organisation)
  • Supported public education campaigns

  • Distributed long lasting insecticidal nets

  • Filled up abandoned pits that could serve as anopheles breeding grounds

  • introduced fish to eat larvae in open bodies of water

Tropical and Environmental Disease and Health Associate
  • Involved in entomological and parasitological surveillance activities in conflict regions

  • Built mobile malaria clinics to treat vulnerable populations

  • Took part in data collection and its incorporation into national malaria database

The International Organisation for Migration
  • Informed the AMC whenever migrants were coming from nations that were malaria endemic

The military
  • Senior staff are first educated by the AMC on malaria, in turn senior staff educate other personnel

  • Meet with RMOs once a month

  • Indoor residual spray in army camps

  • Uses active case detection in army camps

  • Personnel take part in public health lectures

  • Personnel aid help to eliminate larvae breeding grounds for dengue and malaria

  • AMC, Anti Malarial Campaign; GoSL, Government of Sri Lanka; ICRC, International Committee of the Red Cross; IOM, International Organization for Migration; LTTE, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam; PHI, Public Health Inspector; RMO, regional malaria officer; TEDHA, Tropical and Environmental Disease and Health Associate; TEHS, Tamil Eelam Health Services; WHO, World Health Organization.