Table 3

Factors associated with long COVID symptoms

Independent variablesPresence of long COVID symptoms
Nagelkerke R2βP valueOR95% CI
Male gender0.007−0.3640.006**0.6950.537 to 0.899
Age 30 years and below0.0030.2370.0791.260.973 to 1.65
Age 50 years and below0.0020.2110.1941.230.898 to 1.69
Living in the rural area0.0090.4160.002**1.511.16 to 1.98
Having mild COVID symptoms0.0010.1050.3971.110.872 to 1.41
Illiterate people0.0041.700.0965.520.736 to 41.3
People with higher secondary education or less degree0.0020.1640.1731.170.931 to 1.49
Housewife and private Jobholders0.0140.4850.0001***1.621.27 to 2.07
Students0.0000.0000.9991.00.68 to 1.47
Frontline workers (health professionals and police)0.0450.1.230.0001***0.2900.206 to 0.407
Married people0.0000.0150.9311.010.727 to 1.41
People with comorbidities0.0070.3650.009**1.441.09 to 1.89
Smoker0.0100.5090.001**0.6010.445 to 0.811
Positive Rh factor in blood group0.006−0.5960.017*0.5510.338 to 0.898
Post COVID-19 Functional Status scale0.0610.140.0001***0.3190.137 to 0.745
  • Significant relationship values with a minimum of 5% margin of error are bolded and marked as * p<·05, ** p<·01, *** p<·001.