Table 2

Impact of the intervention on facility delivery

BaselineEndlineEffect estimates
ControlInterventionControlInterventionUnadjusted OR
(95% CI)
P value
Full sample(n=1031)(n=1350)(n=1113)(n=1217) 
Facility delivery, n (%)843 (81.8)1088
(80.6)
979
(88.0)
1110
(91.2)
1.60
(1.13 to 2.27)
0.008
Randomised subgroup(n=598)(n=593)(n=591)(n=619) 
Facility delivery, n (%)488 (81.6)459
(77.4)
502
(84.9)
547
(88.4)
1.84
(1.13 to 3.01)
0.015
Non-randomised subgroup(n=1031)(n=1350)(n=1113)(n=1217) 
Facility delivery, n (%)355 (82.0)629
(83.6)
477
(91.4)
563
(94.2)
1.35
(0.72 to 2.52)
0.346
  • All models include as covariates: the variables used in the matched randomisation procedure (average monthly volume of deliveries at the nearest health centre and transfer time to comprehensive emergency obstetric and neonatal care hospital) and the cluster-average value of the outcome at baseline.