Table 1

Prevalence of malnutrition (low weight-for-age) and population attributable fraction (PAF) of deaths in children admitted to hospital with pneumonia

StudyStudy yearCountryModerate Malnutrition
Prevalence
(%) (95% CI)
Moderate malnutrition PAF
(%) (95% CI)
Severe malnutrition prevalence
(%) (95% CI)
Severe malnutrition PAF (%)(95% CI)All malnutrition prevalence
(%) (95% CI)
Tupasi, 1988431981–83Philippines30.2 (26.9 to 33.7)23.2 (14.9 to 32.0)11.4 (9.2 to 13.9)29.1 (22.1 to 36.7)41.6 (38 to 45.2)
Collings, 1985271982–1983PNG36.9 (32.2 to 41.8)
Tupasi, 1990421984–86Philippines28.2 (24.4 to 32.3)22 (13.9 to 30.7)38.1 (33.9 to 42.4)57.8 (50.3 to 65.4)66.3 (62.1 to 70.3)
Nathoo, 1993381989–90Zimbabwe11.6 (9.4 to 14.3)29.5 (22.6 to 37.3)
Agrawal, 1995201993–95India27.6 (20 to 36.2)49.8 (39.6 to 60.0)
Man, 1998351993–95Gambia23.1 (21.4 to 24.9)18.8 (11.7 to 26.2)18.5 (16.8 to 20.1)39.9 (32.8 to 47.3)41.6 (39.5 to 43.7)
Lupisan, 2007341994–00Philippines29.5 (27 to 32.1)
Banajeh, 1997231995–96Yemen52.9 (48.6 to 57.3)34.6 (23.9 to 45.4)22.9 (19.4 to 26.7)45.2 (37.2 to 53.5)75.8 (71.9 to 79.4)
Duke, 2001301998–99Papua New Guinea25.0 (21.8 to 28.4)20 (12.6 to 28.1)4.8 (3.3 to 6.6)14.7 (9.4 to 20.7)29.8 (26.4 to 33.3)
Lazzerini, 2016332001–12Malawi14.1 (13.8 to 14.3)12.3 (7.5 to 17.7)8.9 (8.7 to 9.1)24.2 (19.1 to 29.8)21.5 (21.2 to 21.8)
Naheed, 2009362004–07Bangladesh5.0 (4.4 to 5.7)15.3 (11.4 to 19.7)
Chisti, 2010252005–06Bangladesh64.6 (49.5 to 77.8)69.9 (61.7 to 77.2)
Nantanda, 2008372005–06Uganda25.5 (18.9 to 33)47.8 (38.0 to 57.8)
Ramachandran, 2012402006–08India26.9 (25.6 to 28.3)21.2 (13.6 to 29.4)21.8 (20.6 to 23.2)44 (36.9 to 51.5)48.8 (47.2 to 50.3)
Chisti, 2011262007Bangladesh41.0 (34 to 48.3)59.6 (51.3 to 67.5)
Webb, 2012442007–08Kenya21.7 (18.3 to 25.3)17.8 (10.8 to 25.3)19.5 (16.4 to 23)41.3 (33.5 to 49.6)41.2 (37.1 to 45.4)
Dembele, 2019282008–16Philippines18.4 (17.3 to 19.5)15.5 (9.6 to 22.0)19 (17.9 to 20.1)40.6 (33.6 to 47.9)37.4 (36 to 38.7)
Bokade, 2015242010–12India17.6 (13.4 to 22.5)15 (8.5 to 22.1)16.9 (12.8 to 21.7)37.8 (29.0 to 47.2)34.5 (29 to 40.3)
Kuti, 2013322010–11Gambia20.6 (16.7 to 24.9)17.1 (10.2 to 24.6)23.9 (19.8 to 28.5)46.3 (37.9 to 54.8)44.5 (39.5 to 49.6)
Zabihullah, 2017452012–13Afghanistan19.4 (16.3 to 22.7)16.2 (9.8 to 23.3)19.7 (16.6 to 23.1)41.5 (33.6 to 49.7)39.1 (35.2 to 43.1)
Agweyu, 2018212014–16Kenya12.1 (11.6 to 12.6)10.8 (6.5 to 15.6)7.5 (7.0 to 7.9)21.2 (16.4 to 26.3)19.6 (18.9 to 20.2)
Johnson, 200831Nigeria44.9 (39.3 to 50.5)31 (20.6 to 41.3)11.2 (8.0 to 15.2)28.8 (20.4 to 38.0)56.1 (50.5 to 61.6)