Table 3

Summary of anthropometric measurements and mean differences from meta-analysis



Outcome
StudiesParticipants
(n)
Male participants (n)Female participants (n)Mean difference
(CI)
Biectoorbitale breadth42601501109.26 (7.54 to 10.97)
Bizygomatic breadth
(face width)
1515037427617.54 (6.80 to 8.27)
Bigonial breadth (jaw width)88344683666.75 (5.81 to 7.69)
Menton-nasion length
(face length)
1515037427617.82 (7.13 to 8.50)
Menton-subnasale length
(lower face length)
97274093185.26 (4.54 to 5.97)
Subnasale-nasion length
(nose length)
99735414323.64 (3.16 to 4.13)
Biocular breadth42601501103.87 (3.00 to 4.74)
Nasal root breadth87343823520.37 (0.12 to 0.61)
Nose width1210835854983.42 (3.06 to 3.78)
Lip length/width1311576225352.82 (2.36 to 3.28)
Bitragion-menton arc988449439022.05 (20.15 to 23.95)
Bitragion-subnasale arc1093351042318.43 (16.70 to 20.16)
Nose protrusion67454053402.03 (1.65 to 2.40)
Interpupillary distance32881411472.70 (2.02 to 3.39)