Table 1

Sociodemographic, obstetric and travel-related characteristics of women with gestational age >28 weeks who gave birth in 1 of the 24 public hospitals in Lagos state (N=3278)

CharacteristicsNo of pregnant women ((%) N=3278)No of stillbirths ((%) n=408)No of live births ((%) n=2870)
Age
 12–1981 (2.5)9 (2.2)72 (2.5)
 20–342430 (74.1)275 (67.4)2155 (75.1)
 35–50767 (23.4)124 (30.4)643 (22.4)
Marital status
 Single139 (4.2)17 (4.2)122 (4.3)
 Married3139 (95.8)391 (95.8)2748 (95.7)
Employment status
 Unemployed/housewife563 (17.2)86 (21.1)477 (16.6)
 Student166 (5.1)17 (4.2)149 (5.2)
 Self-employed (petty-trader)1493 (45.6)174 (42.7)1319 (46.0)
 Self-employed (mid-high business)357 (10.9)63 (15.4)294 (10.2)
 Employed699 (21.3)68 (16.7)631 (22.0)
Parity
 Nulliparous (0)1127 (34.4)109 (26.7)1018 (35.5)
 Multiparous (1–4)2071 (63.2)284 (69.6)1787 (62.3)
 Grand-multiparous (5 or more)80 (2.4)15 (3.7)65 (2.3)
No of gestations
 Singleton3112 (94.9)373 (91.4)2739 (95.4)
 Multiple166 (5.1)35 (8.6)131 (4.6)
Booking status
 Booked1380 (42.1)81 (19.9)1299 (45.3)
 Unbooked1898 (57.9)327 (80.1)1571 (54.7)
Fetal complications
 No fetal complication2748 (83.8)13 (3.2)2735 (95.3)
 Reduced/absent fetal movement371 (11.3)236 (57.8)135 (4.7)
 Intrauterine fetal death159 (4.8)159 (39.0)0 (0.0)
Obstetric complications
 No maternal complication139 (4.2)53 (13.0)86 (3.0)
 Obstructed labour990 (30.2)51 (12.5)939 (32.7)
 Haemorrhage727 (22.2)144 (35.3)583 (20.3)
 Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia923 (28.2)96 (23.5)827 (28.8)
 Sepsis169 (5.2)29 (7.1)140 (4.9)
 Others330 (10.1)35 (8.6)295 (10.3)
Weekend travel to facility
 Yes751 (22.9)92 (22.6)659 (23.0)
 No2527 (77.1)316 (77.4)2211 (77.0)
Period of day of travel to the facility (n=2187)
 Morning801 (36.6)90 (34.4)711 (36.9)
 Afternoon582 (26.6)67 (25.6)515 (26.8)
 Evening501 (22.9)56 (21.4)445 (23.1)
 Night303 (13.9)49 (18.7)254 (13.2)
 Referral
 Not referred2384 (72.7)242 (59.3)2142 (74.6)
 Referred894 (27.3)166 (40.7)728 (25.4)
Referral facility (n=894)
 Another hospital (public)141 (15.8)24 (14.4)117 (16.1)
 Another hospital (private179 (20.0)42 (25.2)137 (18.8)
 Clinic (public or private)66 (7.4)3 (1.8)63 (8.7)
 Primary health centre390 (43.6)64 (38.3)326 (44.8)
 Traditional birth attendant92 (10.3)27 (16.2)65 (8.9)
 Nursing/maternity home6 (0.7)2 (1.2)4 (0.6)
 Non-formal referral (Church or Mosque)20 (2.2)5 (3.0)15 (2.1)
Mode of birth
 Spontaneous vaginal birth1211 (36.9)230 (56.4)981 (34.2)
 Assisted vaginal birth144 (4.4)23 (5.6)121 (4.2)
 Caesarean birth1923 (58.7)155 (38.0)1768 (61.6)