Table 1

Demographic characteristics of study subjects

SiteSample sizeTermPretermMaleFemaleGday at deliveryGday at samplingMaternal age (year)Maternal height (cm)Birth weight (g)
Bangladesh (AMANHI)506253 (50%)253 (50%)239 (47%)267 (53%)260.7 (20)95.8 (23.1)23.6 (4.5)149.2 (5.6)2516.1 (495.2)
Bangladesh (GAPPS)258172 (67%)86 (33%)132 (51%)126 (49%)267.8 (18.7)158.8 (4.7)23.9 (5.9)151.8 (5.5)2722.7 (581.1)
Bangladesh (MDIG)208138 (66%)70 (34%)106 (51%)102 (49%)265.9 (14.2)143.9 (13.5)23.4 (4.5)151.4 (5.6)2664.2 (375.7)
Brazil (INTERBIO)389344 (88%)45 (12%)212 (54%)177 (46%)270.4 (10.8)132.2 (53.9)28.5 (5.4)162.5 (6.4)3147.1 (464.3)
Kenya (INTERBIO)553528 (96%)25 (4%)293 (53%)260 (47%)278.3 (11.1)112.5 (40.6)30.4 (4.1)161.8 (5.8)3267 (463.8)
Malawi (iLiNS-DYAD)12121126 (93%)86 (7%)587 (48%)625 (52%)276 (14.3)117.7 (14.9)25.2 (6.2)156.1 (5.7)2976.6 (449.5)
Pakistan (AMANHI)348233 (67%)115 (33%)189 (54%)159 (46%)265.5 (16.5)95.1 (24.6)26.3 (5.1)154.8 (6.1)2684.4 (500.1)
Pakistan (INTERBIO)516413 (80%)103 (20%)251 (49%)265 (51%)264.9 (13.5)103.5 (35.6)30.1 (4.6)158 (5.9)2876.5 (480.7)
South Africa (INTERBIO)352299 (85%)53 (15%)181 (51%)171 (49%)269.4 (17.5)88.2 (19.6)30.2 (5.8)159 (6.9)2940.3 (588.8)
Tanzania (AMANHI)351234 (67%)117 (33%)174 (50%)177 (50%)267.5 (19.6)99.1 (23.1)27.9 (6.6)155.2 (5.9)3111.9 (592.5)
Thailand (INTERBIO)514485 (94%)29 (6%)266 (52%)248 (48%)275.6 (11.5)114.4 (37.1)26.2 (6.1)151.8 (5.1)2965.8 (457.3)
UK (INTERBIO)648594 (92%)54 (8%)342 (53%)306 (47%)275.9 (14.6)89.9 (20.3)31.1 (4.8)165.3 (6.5)3301.1 (586)
UK (Liverpool)525424 (81%)101 (19%)271 (52%)254 (48%)267 (21.7)140.8 (9.5)30.6 (4.9)164.8 (6.3)3141.2 (730.3)
USA, California (CPPOP)966484 (50%)482 (50%)505 (52%)461 (48%)249.8 (29.9)115.7 (7.7)30 (6.1)161.6 (7.3)2763.1 (923)
USA, North Carolina (NEST)657438 (67%)219 (33%)363 (55%)294 (45%)263.1 (22.5)161.1 (90.5)28.3 (6.1)162.8 (7.7)2999.6 (750.4)
Vietnam (PBB)970651 (67%)319 (33%)495 (51%)475 (49%)264.4 (18.9)149 (6.2)29.1 (4.6)156 (4.8)2959.9 (613.5)
Zambia (GAPPS)973853 (88%)120 (12%)478 (49%)495 (51%)271.6 (18.2)137.3 (27.2)27.7 (5.8)160.4 (6.5)3008.7 (591.7)
All99467669 (77.1%)2277 (22.9%)5084 (51.1%)4862 (48.9%)267.8 (20.2)122.1 (39.9)28 (5.9)158.5 (7.6)2967.4 (637.4)