Table 3

Analytical framework for use of scientific evidence, adapted from Ulucanlar et al’s evidential strategies58

Industry practiceDescription
Misleading quoting of evidenceInaccurate reporting from published scientific research, including misquoting, selective quoting or misinterpretation.
Mimicked scientific critiqueDetailed inspection of published research, superficially resembling scientific peer review and using scientific terminology. For instance, seeking methodological perfection or insisting on methodological uniformity.
Evidential landscapingThe promotion of alternative evidence or exclusion of relevant public health evidence.