Table 1

Standardised mortality rates (SMRs) for COVID-19 in the European Union/European Economic Area countries plus the UK and Switzerland

CountryAbbreviationFirst waveSubsequent wavesVariation first/subsequent wavesOverall
AustriaAT0.170.930.760.72
BelgiumBE1.801.08−0.721.28
BulgariaBG0.152.071.921.52
CroatiaHR0.081.581.501.15
CyprusCY0.060.420.360.32
CzechiaCZ0.092.572.481.87
DenmarkDK0.230.290.060.27
EstoniaEE0.100.730.630.55
FinlandFI0.120.09−0.030.10
FranceFR0.890.930.040.92
GermanyDE0.200.690.490.55
GreeceEL0.040.790.750.58
HungaryHU0.142.692.551.97
IcelandIS0.080.06−0.020.07
IrelandIE1.060.76−0.300.84
Italy*IT111
LatviaLV0.031.01†0.980.73
LithuaniaLT0.051.211.160.88
LuxemburgLU0.551.210.661.02†
MaltaMT0.040.760.720.55
NetherlandsNL0.790.59−0.200.65
NorwayNO0.120.10−0.020.10
PolandPL0.121.821.701.34
PortugalPT0.311.060.750.85
RomaniaRO0.361.371.011.08
SlovakiaSK0.022.502.481.80
SloveniaSI0.131.671.541.23
SpainES1.200.86−0.340.96
SwedenSE1.180.71−0.470.85
SwitzerlandCH0.500.880.380.77
United KingdomUK1.391.16−0.231.22
  • *Standard population.

  • †SMR not significant different from 1.