Table 2

Estimated cost of a 3-day admission or stabilisation care at government PHC, for a child under 5 years of age with severe pneumonia

ItemMedian cost (IQR) in Naira and USD*
HospitalGovernment PHCPrivate facilityOverall
Admission fee1500 (0–5000)
US$4 (0–14)
N/A10 000 (5000–10 000)
US$28 (14–28)
0 (0–7250)
US$0 (0–20)
Daily bed fee0 (0–1500)
US$0 (0–4)
N/A2000 (1000–2000)
US$6 (3–6)
0 (0–2000)
US$0 (0–6)
AntibioticsNo data300 (280–300)
US$1 (1–1)
1000 (600–1500)
US$3 (2–4)
400 (300–1000)
US$1 (1–3)
IV and fluidsNo data200 (200–200)
US$1 (1–1)
1000 (600–1000)
US$3 (2–3)
550 (200–1000)
US$2 (1–3)
Oxygen13 000 (6000–20 000)
US$36 (17–56)
0 (0–0)
US$0 (0–0)
27 500 (3500–96 000)
US$77 (10–267)
3500 (0–36 000)
US$10 (0–100)
Total†18 500 (7500–29 500)
US$52 (21–82)
150 (0–425)
US$0 (0–1)
45 550 (20 250–109 375)
US$127 (56–305)
15 250 (400–53 000)
US$42 (1–148)
  • Based on 3 days in hospital, full course of antibiotics and supportive care, 2 days of oxygen therapy.

  • *US$1: 359 Naira (rate 31 January 2020).

  • †Restricted to 34 facilities that had data on oxygen and admission costs.

  • IQR, interquartile range (25th and 75th centiles); PHC, primary health centre .