Table 2

Inclusion and exclusion criteria applied to phase I

CriteriaInclusionExclusion
Article typeEmpirical article, conceptual article, commentary/editorialInterviews, book reviews
LocationEmpirical articles related to low-income and middle-income countries; conceptual articles focused on Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) or that discussed LMICsArticles focusing on Europe, the USA, Australia and other high-income countries that did not discuss LMICs
DatePublished after 1990Published before 1990
LanguageEnglish, French, SpanishArticles in languages other than English, French, Spanish
Key themesAddresses at least two elements of figure 1, including presumed intermediate variables, such as knowledge of the lawAddresses fewer than two elements of figure 1