Table 2

Extrapolation to absolute prevalence and associated disease burden, as measured by DALYs

CountryLast war-affected year for the given country (1989–2019)Total population of adult war survivors (2019)Absolute prevalence of war survivors with PTSD (95% CI)PTSD-associated DALYsAbsolute prevalence of war survivors with MD (95% CI)MD-associated DALYsAbsolute prevalence of war survivors with PTSD+MD
El Salvador19892 483 500658 376 (550 592 to 772 369)10,262578 904 (460 689 to 705 811)12 636319 902 (243 776 to 393 944)
Mozambique19916 686 0711 772 477 (1 482 302 to 2 079 368)20 3871 558 523 (1 240 266 to 1 900 181)30 377861 240 (656 294 to 1 060 575)
Kuwait19912 317 732614 431 (513 841 to 720 815)11 450540 263 (429 939 to 658 699)16 877298 550 (227 505 to 367 649)
Croatia19912 581 667684 400 (572 356 to 802 898)10 251601 787 (478 899 to 733 710)13 836332 547 (253 412 to 409 516)
Myanmar199222 181 0715 880 202 (4 917 543 to 6 898 313)86 0175 170 408 (4 114 589 to 6 303 860)36 5272 857 167 (2 177 259 to 3 518 462)
Peru199214 322 6783 796 942 (3 175 338 to 4 454 353)80 3623 338 616 (2 656 857 to 4 070 505)39 5731 844 919 (1 405 891 to 2 271 928)
Georgia19932 464 257653 275 (546 326 to 766 384)5 733574 418 (457 120 to 700 342)12 726317 424 (241 888 to 390 892)
Azerbaijan19945 508 6941 460 355 (1 221 277 to 1 713 204)13 9631 284 077 (1 021 863 to 1 565 571)19 722709 581 (540 725 to 873 814)
Bosnia-Herzegovina19952 236 056592 778 (495 734 to 695 413)8 519521 225 (414 788 to 635 487)9 678288 029 (219 488 to 354 693)
Tajikistan19963 523 143933 985 (781 081 to 1 095 697)7757821 245 (653 543 to 1 001 277)10 380453 820 (345 826 to 558 857)
Congo19982 191 526580 974 (485 861 to 681 565)7030510 845 (406 528 to 622 832)15,489282 293 (215 117 to 347 630)
Serbia19996 352 6501 684 088 (1 408 383 to 1 975 674)22 3951 480 803 (1 178 417 to 1 805 423)28 139818 292 (623 566 to 1 007 686)
Algeria199924 441 9696 479 566 (5 418 785 to 7 601 452)108 1335 697 423 (4 533 985 to 6 946 408)147 7083 148 396 (2 399 185 to 3 877 096)
Sierra Leone19993 129 883829 732 (693 895 to 973 394)10 829729 576 (580 593 to 889 513)15 341403 164 (307 224 to 496 476)
Kosovo1999915 361242 662 (202 936 to 284 677)NA213 371 (169 799 to 260 146)NA117 909 (89 850 to 145 199)
Ethiopia200044 350 18511 757 234 (9 832 436 to 13 792 908)121 90510 338 028 (8 226 959 to 12,604,323)194 8165 712 794 (4 353 344 to 7 035 028)
Eritrea20001 428 785378 771 (316 763 to 444 352)8 864333 050 (265 040 to 406 061)14 143184 043 (140 247 to 226 640)
Angola200111 202 7552 969 850 (2 483 651 to 3 484 057)33 3022 611 362 (2 078 111 to 3 183 823)68 5131 443 039 (1 099 645 to 1 777 032)
Burundi20025 293 0421 403 185 (1 173 467 to 1 646 136)15 8021 233 808 (981 859 to 1 504 283)24 527681 802 (519 557 to 839 606)
Liberia20032 463 836653 163 (546 232 to 766 253)7550574 320 (457 042 to 700 222)11 837317 369 (241 846 to 390 825)
Uganda200419 435 6245 152 384 (4 308 878 to 6 044 479)57 7874 530 444 (3 605 308 to 5 523 604)122 3732 503 523 (1 907 770 to 3 082 967)
Russia (regional)2004959 727254 424 (212 771 to 298 475)3091223 712 (178 029 to 272 754)4,676123 623 (94 205 to 152 236)
India (regional)200553 366 76914 147 530 (11 831 413 to 16 597 065)152 75212 439 794 (9 899 536 to 15 166 836)265 2866 874 230 (5 238 397 to 8 465 280)
Colombia200535 348 8539 370 981 (7 836 841 to 10 993 493)156 3098 239 818 (6 557 212 to 10 046 144)102 1224 553 323 (3 469 787 to 5 607 196)
Nepal200517 553 6954 653 485 (3 891 654 to 5 459 199)55 3654 091 766 (3 256 210 to 4 988 760)125 9132 261 110 (1 723 043 to 2 784 447)
Chad20066 934 5821 838 358 (1 537 397 to 2 156 655)19 2511 616 451 (1 286 365 to 1 970 808)33 647893 251 (680 688 to 1 099 995)
Rwanda20097 004 3981 856 866 (1 552 875 to 2 178 368)22 2811 632 725 (1 299 316 to 1 990 650)40 235902 244 (687 541 to 1 111 069)
Sri Lanka200915 326 2384 062 986 (3 397 827 to 4 766 460)63 6303 572 546 (2 843 017 to 4 355 717)50 1741 974 189 (1 504 399 to 2 431 118)
Israel (regional)20145 840 0551 548 199 (1 294 740 to 1 816 257)22 3321 361 317 (1 083 330 to 1 659 744)39 874752 264 (573 251 to 926,376)
South Sudan20145 828 1991 545 056 (1 292 112 to 1 812 570)19 5251 358 553 (1 081 131 to 1 656 374)22 909750 736 (572 087 to 924 495)
Pakistan2015130 645 59434 634 147 (28 964 128 to 40 630 780)382 66530 453 488 (24 234 758 to 37 129 478)581 98216 828 597 (12 823 964 to 20 723 599)
Ukraine (regional)20159 172 3072 431 579 (2 033 500 to 2 852 587)30 4102 138 065 (1 701 463 to 2 606 770)68 5801 181 495 (900 339 to 1 454 953)
Sudan201623 446 3286 215 622 (5 198 051 to 7 291 808)98 3865 465 339 (4 349 294 6 663 446)132 0723 020 146 (2 301 454 to 3 719 163)
Turkey201660 057 71515 921 300 (13 314 795 to 18 677 949)267 74913 999 453 (11 140 706 to 17 068 403)378 1257 736 098 (5 895 170 to 9 526 628)
Iraq201770 339 20118 646 922 (15 594 201 to 21 875 492)384 72116 396 068 (13 047 922 to 19 990 401)409 2039 060 467 (6 904 384 to 11 157 524)
Philippines201742 632 56311 301 892 (9 451 639 to 13 258 727)184 4109 937 650 (7 908 340 to 12 116 174)121 3845 491 546 (4 184 745 to 6 762 571)
DR Congo201822 520 4615 970 174 (4 992 786 to 7 003 863)71 4135 249 519 (4 177 546 to 6 400 315)144 3352 900 884 (2 210 573 to 3 572 298)
Afghanistan201919 791 3675 246 691 (4 387 746 to 6 155 115)83 8884 613 368 (3 671 299 to 5 624 707)119 4762 549 347 (1 942 689 to 3 139 397)
Somalia20197 433 6911 970 671 (1 648 049 to 2 311 878)24 9771 732 793 (1 378 950 to 2 112 655)43 406957 542 (729 679 to 1 179 166)
Yemen201916 284 1484 316 928 (3 610 196 to 5 064 370)76 4363 795 835 (3 020 709 to 4 627 955)113 5622 097 578 (1 598 426 to 2 583 066)
Libya20194 619 8251 224 716 (1 024 215 to 1 436 766)24 8781 076 881 (856 978 to 1 312 954)34 089595 085 (453 475 to 732 818)
Syria201911 163 3482 959 404 (2 474 914 to 3 471 801)51 8592 602 176 (2 070 801 to 3 172 624)58 6201 437 963 (1 095 776 to 1 770 781)
Nigeria2019102 874 31127 271 980 (22 807 235 to 31 993 911)282 46323 980 002 (19 083 185 to 29 236 879)379 77813 251 349 (10 097 979 to 16 318 391)
Totaln.a.854 653 860226 568 738 (189 476 761 to 265 797 350)3 127 089199 219 815(158 538 291 to 242 892 627)4 114 663110 088 870 (83 891 464 to 135 569 084)
LMICs only totaln.a.849 754 461225 269 908 (188 390 564 to 264 273 637)3 105 387198 077 765 (157 629 453 to 241 500 218)4 083 950109 457 773 (83 410 547 to 134 791 919)
  • Bold indicates that the respective war-affected country is a high-income country.

  • DALYs, disability-adjusted life years; LB, lower bound; MD, major depression; NA, data on Kosovo not available; n.a., not applicable; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder; UB, upper bound.