Table 3B

Intervention impacts on primary and secondary outcomes among those attending seven or more intervention sessions, compared with controls matched on propensity for high intervention attendance*

Type of intimate partner violence/abuseIntervention (n=464)
N (%)
Control (n=464)
N (%)
Crude OR† (95% CI)
P value
Adjusted OR‡ (95% CI)
P value
Physical95 (20%)98 (21%)0.96 (0.70 to 1.32)
0.808
0.96 (0.69 to 1.34)
0.812
Sexual91 (20%)98 (21%)0.92 (0.65 to 1.29)
0.616
0.97 (0.70 to 1.36)
0.873
Emotional171 (37%)214 (46%)0.68 (0.51 to 0.90)
0.008
0.65 (0.48 to 0.87)
0.004
Disclosed violence in past year (among those experiencing physical/sexual IPV in past year)99/142 (70%)109/145 (75%)0.76 (0.45 to 1.29)
0.305
0.80 (0.47 to 1.38)
0.425
Attitude/belief
Attitudes accepting of IPV235 (51%)296 (64%)0.57 (0.42 to 0.78)
<0.001
0.51 (0.37 to 0.71)
<0.001
Believes a woman should tolerate violence in order to keep her family together69 (15%)123 (27%)0.48 (0.34 to 0.69)
<0.001
0.47 (0.33 to 0.67)
<0.001
Believes IPV is a private matter and others should not intervene48 (10%)84 (18%)0.52 (0.35 to 0.78)
0.001
0.52 (0.35 to 0.77)
0.001
  • *Propensity score predicted based on a logistic regression model fitted to women in the intervention arm, with 7+ sessions as the dependent variable and independent variables comprising baseline measures of cluster size, age, religion, marital status, highest level of education attended, number of children, experience of sexual and/or physical IPV (never/ ever but not past yr/ past year), past year experience of controlling behaviour, and poor mental health.

  • †Crude OR point and interval estimates and p value are from a logistic regression with cluster-level random intercepts but no adjustment for baseline covariates.

  • ‡Adjusted OR point and interval estimates and p-value are from a logistic regression with cluster-level random intercepts and adjustment for baseline measure of outcome (Y/N/NA), secondary or higher education (Y/N) and age (linear).

  • IPV, intimate partner violence.