Table 2

Data on intervention context, implementation and mechanisms used in meta-regression analysis

Study authorCountry and main year of implementationNational estimates of % PLHIV on ARTTotal population in intervention areaHIVST distributed (total and per 1000 residents of intervention areas)Reported HIVST use in previous 12 months at endline survey (%)Know where to access care if test HIV-positive
Indravudh et al 17 Malawi, 201772.6Total population: 93 640 adults; 44 390 in intervention areaTotal: 220 314 (including intervention and other distribution areas). No population denominator available for HIVST distribution in this study37.7*74.7%
Indravudh et al 8 Malawi, 201978.5Total population: 84 392 residents; 44 519 in intervention areaTotal: 24 316
Per 1000 intervention population: 546
74.7†Data not available
Neuman et al 18 Zambia, 201772.2Total population: 308 822; 148 541 in intervention areaTotal: 65 585
Per 1000 intervention population: 442
23.2*78.7%
Sibanda et al 13 Zimbabwe, 201767.9Total population: 195 076Total: 80 378
Per 1000 intervention population: 412
50.2†*57.4%
Sibanda et al 16 Zimbabwe, 201976.5Total population of HIVST wards: 242 096Total:
59 631
Per 1000 intervention population: 246
24.5†*76.7%
  • *HIVST uptake ascertained after 12–16 months of continuous distribution.

  • †HIVST uptake ascertained 3 months after the start of campaign-style distribution.

  • ‡HIVST update ascertained during campaign-style distribution.

  • ART, antiretroviral therapy; HIVST, HIV self-testing; PLHIV, people living with HIV.