Table 1

Overview of interventions by countries

MalawiZambiaZimbabweSouth AfricaLesothoSource
Per capita Gross Domestic Product (2019 US$)$412$1305$1464$6001$111852
National HIV prevalence among adults 15–59 years (%) – 201810.612.014.620.425.653–57
Intervention districtBlantyre, Machinga, Mwanza and NenoChoma, Lusaka, Ndola and KapiriMberengwa, Buhera Masvingo, Chivi, Gweru, Bulilima, Gutu and MazoweCity of Tshwane, City of JohannesburgMaseru, Berea, Leribe
Mohale and Mafeteng
Definition of siteCatchment area of a rural public primary health clinicCatchment area of a rural public primary health clinicWard
(subdivision of a district)
DistrictCatchment area of a PSI fixed site (~1 per district), that is, a district and across all five districts, for each period 1–312
Number of sites11164431858
Location: rural; urban or periurban11; 08; 844; 00; 34; 158
Analysis periodJune 2016–May 2017 (12 months)June 2016–May 2017 (12 months)June 2016–May 2017 (12 months)June 2018–June 2019 (13 months)August 2017–April 2019 (17 months)58
Total number of HIVST kits distributed in included sites during observation period152 671103 58992 559154 11151 67612 19 58
  • HIVST, HIV self-testing; PSI, Population Services International.