Table 2

Overview of VMMC service-delivery models

VMMC service-delivery modelStatic (fixed) (district hospital sites)Integrated mobile health facility sitesMobile outreach health facility sites
Specific characteristics
  • Public sector trained clinicians

  • Public sector trained clinicians

  • Public sector trained clinicians

  • Public sector remuneration supplemented by programme incentives

  • Public sector remuneration supplemented by programme incentives

  • Public sector remuneration supplemented by programme incentives

  • VMMC provided at district health facilities on a continuous basis

  • Trained clinicians from district hospitals deployed to existing health facilities intermittently

  • VMMC offered through mobile clinic services when recruited numbers justified

  • VMMC offered to walk-in clients

  • VMMC services provided on specific days

  • VMMC offered at more remote health facility sites

  • Ongoing facility capacitation to eventually assume full VMMC site status including training of local staff and adequate equipment

  • Temporary operating theatres set up for 1 day at a time

  • VMMC, voluntary medical male circumcision.