Table 1

Comparison of endline population characteristics by study arm

HIVSTSOC
n (%)n (%)
Baseline
Individual characteristics (n=2809) (n=2664)
Ever tested82.2% (2308)77.1% (2054)
Tested in the last 12 months56.0% (1574)48.4% (1289)
Endline
Household characteristics (n=1407) (n=1381)
Adults (median/range)2 (1–7)2 (1–9)
Children (median/range)2 (0–8)2 (0–9)
Household wealth index*
 Lowest434 (32%)468 (35.7%)
 Middle456 (33.6%)422 (32.2%)
 Highest466 (34.4%)421 (32.1%)
Individual characteristics (n=2582) (n=2908)
Male1075 (41.6%)1264 (43.5%)
Age (median/range)31 (16–97)31 (16–91)
Age group (years)
 16–19366 (14.2%)439 (15.1%)
 20–24469 (18.2%)558 (19.2%)
 25–39931 (36.1%)998 (34.3%)
 ≥40816 (31.6%)913 (31.4%)
Marital status
 Married or living together1795 (69.5%)1838 (63.2%)
 Separated, divorced or widowed405 (15.7%)438 (15.1%)
 Never married382 (14.8%)632 (21.7%)
Educational attainment
 None463 (17.9%)555 (19.1%)
 Primary1745 (67.6%)1898 (65.3%)
 Secondary or higher374 (14.5%)455 (15.6%)
Literate1639 (63.5%)1907 (65.6%)
Resident in last 12 months2429 (94.1%)2748 (94.5%)
Self-rated health status†
 Very good662 (25.7%)996 (34.3%)
 Good1470 (57.0%)1429 (49.1%)
 Fair319 (12.4%)320 (11.0%)
 Poor128 (5.0%)163 (5.6%)
  • Samples for the baseline and endline survey include different individuals.

  • *51 missing values in the HIVST arm and 70 missing values in the SOC arm.

  • †3 missing values in the HIVST arm.

  • HIVST, HIV self-testing; SOC, standard of care.