Table 3

Benchmarks and associated NBW activities

Benchmark TAsBenchmarksAB
National legislation, policy and financingDomestic legislation, laws, regulations, policy and administrative requirements are available in all relevant sectors and effectively enable compliance with the IHR.14
Financing is available for the implementation of IHR capacities.2
Financing is available for timely response to public health emergencies.1
IHR coordination, communication and advocacy and reportingThe IHR National Focal Point is fully functional.49
Multisectoral IHR coordination mechanism effectively supports the implementation of prevention, detection and response activities7
Zoonotic diseasesCoordinated surveillance system is in place for priority zoonotic diseases/pathogens.3043
Functional mechanism to respond to priority zoonotic diseases is in place.23
Food safetySurveillance systems are in place for the detection and monitoring of foodborne diseases and food contamination.2130
A functional mechanism is in place for the response and management of food safety emergencies.15
National laboratory systemLaboratory testing for detection of priority diseases is in place.1112
Specimen referral and transport system are in place for all relevant sectors.3
Effective national diagnostic network is in place.9
Laboratory quality system is in place.1
SurveillanceFunctional surveillance system to identify potential events of concern for public health and health security is in place.1116
Surveillance system is supported by electronic tools.4
Systematic analysis of surveillance data for action is in place.4
Human resourcesAn up-to-date, multisectoral workforce strategy is in place.718
Human resources are available to effectively implement IHR.12
In-service trainings are available.9
Field epidemiology training programme or other applied epidemiology training programme is in place.2
Emergency preparednessStrategic emergency risk assessments are conducted, and emergency resources are identified, mapped and used.1116
Multisectoral planning for health emergency preparedness and response is in place.9
Emergency response operationsFunctional emergency response coordination is in place.913
Emergency operation centre capacities, procedures and plans are in place.7
Emergency exercise management programme is in place.2
Linking public health and security authoritiesPublic health and security authorities (law enforcement, border control and customs) are linked during a suspect or confirmed biological, chemical or radiological event.66
Medical countermeasures and personnel deploymentSystem is in place for activating and coordinating medical countermeasures during a public health emergency.22
System is in place for activating and coordinating health personnel during a public health emergency.0
Case management procedures implemented for relevant IHR hazards.0
Risk communicationRisk communication systems for unusual events and emergencies are in place.710
Coordination of risk communication is effective.4
Effective communication with communities4
Total58
  • Column (a) reflects the number of NBW activities per benchmark, and column (b) reflects the number of different NBW activities per Benchmark TA.

  • IHR, International Health Regulations; NBW, National Bridging Workshops; TA, technical area.