Table 3

Percentage of the coverage and difference in differences for quality treatment indicators in intervention and comparison districts areas at the baseline and end line

MeasureBaselineEndlineDID change in %OR (95% CI)**P value**
InterventionComparisonP value*InterventionComparisonP value†DID95 % CIP value*
Children 0–59 months
With confirmed malaria recommended treatment for malarian=247
36.0 (28.5–44.4)
n=382
51.8 (44.8–58.8)
0·0041n=368
42.7 (33.5–52.3)
n=361
35.2 (28.9–42.1)
0.14+23.39.1,37.50.0031.4 (1.01–2.0)0.047
With confirmed ‘pneumonia’ recommended treatment for ‘pneumonia’n=236
5.9 (3.1–11.2)
n=325
18.5 (12.8–25.9)
0·0014n=299
17.4 (11.5–25.4)
n=215
10.7 (7.2–15.7)
0.15+19.27.9,30.60.0032.1 (1.02–4.1)0.042
With diarrhoea (3+watery stool same day or blood criteria) recommended treatment for diarrhoea (Zn +ORS first day for duration)n=661
0.0 (0.0–0.2)
n=851
0.2 (0.1–1.0)
0.22n=758
5.0 (3.5–7.1)
n=757
3.3 (2.0–5.4)
0.16+1.9−0.6,4.50.131.3 (0.7–2.1)0.40
With diarrhoea (3+watery stool same day or blood criteria) treated for diarrhoea (any utilisation Zn +ORS)n=661
5.9 (3.1–11.1)
n=851
12.2 (8.5–17.2)
0.049n=758
25.3 (20.3–31.1)
n=757
18.5 (13.4–25.0)
0.071+13.2+5.6,+20.70.0021.7 (1.2–2.6)0.0079
  • *Cluster design adjusted p-values.

  • †End line p-value cluster design adjusted, ANCOVA p-values; baseline is cluster design adjusted.

  • ANCOVA, analysis of covariance; ORS, oral rehydration solutions.