Table 1

Role of different partners in India’s polio elimination campaign

PartnerRole
Government of India
  • Largest financial contributor

  • Purchased the vaccines

  • Oversaw overall direction of polio programme

  • Hired community health workers, district immunisation officers, accredited social health activists and auxiliary nurse midwives

  • Decided what policies would be implemented

WHO
  • Led the National Polio Surveillance Programme

  • Provided technical and organisational support for surveillance

The CORE Group
  • Alongside UNICEF, led the Social Mobilisation Network (SMNet), an infrastructure of community health workers who operated in each high risk community. SMNet’s work involved the community mapping of households, tracking immunisation of households and recruitment of local sources of authority to build vaccine credibility

  • Contributed to the production of communication and media materials

  • In addition to social mobilisation, CORE community mobilisers collected census data and recruited informants for surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP)15

UNICEF
  • Alongside the CORE Group, led the SMNet, an infrastructure of community health workers who operated in each high risk community in Uttar Pradesh

  • SMNet’s work involved the community mapping of households, tracking immunisation of households, and recruitment of local sources of authority to build vaccine credibility

  • Led the Underserved Strategy to overcome socioeconomic resistance

Rotary International
  • Provided advocacy and mobilisation at religious, political and bureaucratic levels

  • Assembled the Ulama Committee, consisting of Islamic scholars who helped address vaccine misinformation among some vaccine-hesitant Muslim groups

  • Created general health camps

IEAG
  • An advisory group com­posed of experts who provided recommenda­tions to the government

Religious and academic organisations/institutions
  • Partners of the ‘Under­served Strategy’ to overcome socioeconomic and cultural resistance

  • Examples: Aligarh Muslim University, Jamia Millia Islamia, the Ulama Committee

International donors
  • Provided financial support for India’s polio eradication programme

  • Examples: US Agency for Inter­national Development, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention