Table 3

Adjusted HRs and 95% CIs of the effect of care environment on mental health diagnoses

Care environmentPTSDDepressionAnxietySuicidality
Family based (ref)1111
Institutional care0.69 (0.49, 0.97)0.48 (0.24, 0.97)0.56 (0.45, 0.68)0.73 (0.56, 0.95)
Street based4.52 (4.1, 4.97)4.72 (3.12, 7.15)4.71 (1.56, 14.26)3.1 (2.14, 4.48)
  • HRs adjusted for age, sex, orphan status, length of time in care environment, PTSD/depression/anxiety/suicidality at baseline, emotional/physical/sexual abuse at baseline and during follow-up, bullied at baseline and during follow-up, clustering by household/institution.

  • PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder; (ref), reference category.